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Titolo:
One-year outcome of adolescent females referred for conduct disorder and substance abuse/dependence
Autore:
Whitmore, EA; Mikulich, SK; Ehlers, KM; Crowley, TJ;
Indirizzi:
Univ Colorado, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, Addict Res & Treatment Serv, Denver, CO 80262 USA Univ Colorado Denver CO USA 80262 & Treatment Serv, Denver, CO 80262 USA
Titolo Testata:
DRUG AND ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE
fascicolo: 2, volume: 59, anno: 2000,
pagine: 131 - 141
SICI:
0376-8716(20000501)59:2<131:OOOAFR>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PLACEBO-CONTROLLED TRIAL; FOLLOW-UP; ABUSE TREATMENT; TREATMENT PROGRAMS; SEXUAL-BEHAVIOR; RISK BEHAVIORS; DOUBLE-BLIND; DRUG-ABUSE; ALCOHOL; PREDICTORS;
Keywords:
conduct disorder; substance use; attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder; major depressive disorder; gender; adolescents;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
70
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Whitmore, EA Univ Colorado, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, Addict Res & TreatmentServ, 4200 E89th Ave,C268-35, Denver, CO 80262 USA Univ Colorado 4200 E 89th Ave,C268-35 Denver CO USA 80262 USA
Citazione:
E.A. Whitmore et al., "One-year outcome of adolescent females referred for conduct disorder and substance abuse/dependence", DRUG AL DEP, 59(2), 2000, pp. 131-141

Abstract

We investigated whether substance abuse/dependence, conduct disorder, and other psychiatric disorders improved in adolescent females who were referred to outpatient treatment and which variables were related to I-year outcome. Forty-six out of 60 conduct-disordered (CD) adolescent females with substance abuse or dependence were re-evaluated approximately 1 year after discharge. Treatment length averaged 16 weeks. Significant improvements were seen in three areas: (1) criminality and CD; (2) attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); and (3) educational and vocational status. However, neither substance involvement nor depression improved, regardless of length of stay in treatment, and these females demonstrated significant risky sexual behaviors. In contrast to our previous work with adolescent males (Crowley, T.J., Mikulich, S.K., Macdonald, M., Young, S.E., Zerbe, G.O., 1998. Substance-dependent, conduct-disordered adolescent males: severity of diagnosis predicts 2-year outcome. Drug Alcohol Depend. 49, 225-237), we were not able to identify pre-intake variables, other than performance IQ, that were related to substance use and conduct outcomes. Only two post-treatment factors (peer problems and number of ADHD symptoms at follow-up) were found to be related to CD and substance use disorders outcomes. The overall lack of pre- and post-treatment predictors presents interesting challenges for future research on adolescent females with these disorders. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 06/04/20 alle ore 21:51:11