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Titolo:
General effect of photosynthetic electron transport inhibitors on translation precludes their use for investigating regulation of D1 biosynthesis in Synechococcus sp strain PCC 7942
Autore:
Schmitz, O; Tsinoremas, NF; Schaefer, MR; Anandan, S; Golden, SS;
Indirizzi:
Texas A&M Univ, Dept Biol, College Stn, TX 77843 USA Texas A&M Univ College Stn TX USA 77843 t Biol, College Stn, TX 77843 USA
Titolo Testata:
PHOTOSYNTHESIS RESEARCH
fascicolo: 2-3, volume: 62, anno: 1999,
pagine: 261 - 271
SICI:
0166-8595(199912)62:2-3<261:GEOPET>2.0.ZU;2-C
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
II REACTION-CENTER; HIGH LIGHT-INTENSITY; REACTION-CENTER PROTEIN-D1; PSBA MESSENGER-RNA; PHOTOSYSTEM-II; CYANOBACTERIUM SYNECHOCOCCUS; 2 FORMS; SP STRAIN-PCC-7942; DISTINCT FORMS; UV-B;
Keywords:
cyanobacteria; light-regulated genes; photosynthetic electron transport; psbA; translation;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
43
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Golden, SS Texas A&M Univ, Dept Biol, College Stn, TX 77843 USA Texas A&M Univ College Stn TX USA 77843 lege Stn, TX 77843 USA
Citazione:
O. Schmitz et al., "General effect of photosynthetic electron transport inhibitors on translation precludes their use for investigating regulation of D1 biosynthesis in Synechococcus sp strain PCC 7942", PHOTOSYN R, 62(2-3), 1999, pp. 261-271

Abstract

Both light itself and excitation pressure have been implicated as the environmental signal that stimulates interchange of the two forms of the D1 protein of photosystem II (PS II) in Synechococcus sp. strain PCC 7942. We sought an explanation for conflicting reports regarding the role of photosynthetic electron transport in regulation of psbA expression and D1 interchange. Inhibitors that block at different points in the photosynthetic electron transport chain were administered and the effect on expression of psbAII, which encodes the high-light-induced form II of D1, was examined by measuring changes in transcript levels and in the activities of reporter enzymes. Both 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (DCMU), an inhibitor of PSII, and 2,5-dibromo-3-methyl-6-isopropyl-p-benzoquinone (DBMIB), an inhibitor ofthe cytochrome b(6)/f complex, prevented high-light-induced increase in beta-galactosidase activity from a psbAII::lacZ gene fusion when added at a concentration that completely inhibits photosynthetic electron transport (1 mu M). The same effect was observed for luciferase activity from transcriptional and translational fusions of psbAII to the luxAB genes from Vibrio harveyi. DCMU (1 mu M) arrested luciferase expression at low-light levels - thus eliminating the high light response - whereas a sublethal concentration(50 nM), which reduces electron transport by 50%, had intermediate effectson psbAII-driven luciferase activity. However, psbAII transcript levels, monitored by northern blot analysis, were not altered by electron transport inhibitors, either at low-light intensity or following a high-light exposure. The suppressive effect of DCMU on expression of reporter enzymes was notrestricted to the high-light response of psbAII-driven reporter systems, but was also observed using an isopropyl-(-d)-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG)-inducible trc promoter fused to luxAB. This construct only marginally responded to IPTG addition when DCMU was present. Thus, blocking electron transport in Synechococcus affects the translation machinery in a general way, andthe use of electron transport inhibitors is of limited value when focusingon specific redox regulation of D1 protein synthesis or degradation.

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Documento generato il 30/10/20 alle ore 09:17:01