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Titolo:
Assessing achievement, affiliation, and power motives all at once: The Multi-Motive Grid (MMG)
Autore:
Sokolowski, K; Schmalt, HD; Langens, TA; Puca, RM;
Indirizzi:
Univ Wuppertal, Dept Psychol, D-42097 Wuppertal, Germany Univ Wuppertal Wuppertal Germany D-42097 hol, D-42097 Wuppertal, Germany
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY ASSESSMENT
fascicolo: 1, volume: 74, anno: 2000,
pagine: 126 - 145
SICI:
0022-3891(200002)74:1<126:AAAAPM>2.0.ZU;2-G
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MOTIVATION; VALIDATION; IMPLICIT; HOPE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
51
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Schmalt, HD Univ Wuppertal, Dept Psychol, Gaussstr 20, D-42097 Wuppertal, Germany Univ Wuppertal Gaussstr 20 Wuppertal Germany D-42097 Germany
Citazione:
K. Sokolowski et al., "Assessing achievement, affiliation, and power motives all at once: The Multi-Motive Grid (MMG)", J PERS ASSE, 74(1), 2000, pp. 126-145

Abstract

In this article, we introduce the Multi-Motive Grid (MMG), a new diagnostic tool to measure motives with respect to their hope and fear components. The MMG combines features of the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) with features of self-report questionnaires. Similar to the TAT, a set of 14 picturesrepresenting a balanced set of achievement-arousing, affiliation-arousing,and power-arousing situations is presented together with a set of statements representing important motivational states. Six motive scores can be calculated: hope of success (HS) and fear of failure (FF) for the achievement motive, hope of affiliation (PIA) and fear of rejection (ER) for the affiliation motive, and hope of power CHP) and fear of power (FP) for the power motive. Results of factor analyses suggest a 3-factor solution, with a general fear factor (FF, FR, FP). a factor combining the hope components of achievement and power (HS and HP), and a third factor representing PIA, but the6 a priori factors also reflect a sound structural model. Reliability datashow that the internal consistency and retest reliability of the MMG scales satisfy traditional standards. External validity of the MMG has been established in all 3 motive domains. Three separate studies document that (a) individuals high in resultant achievement motivation perform better and report more flow experience, ro) individuals high in resultant power motivationprofit more from a leadership training program, and (c) individuals high in resultant affiliation motivation recollect more highly memorable affiliative themes.

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Documento generato il 19/01/20 alle ore 12:21:29