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Titolo:
Prevalence of stroke - A door-to-door survey in rural Bolivia
Autore:
Nicoletti, A; Sofia, V; Giuffrida, S; Bartoloni, A; Bartalesi, F; Lo Bartolo, ML; Lo Fermo, S; Cocuzza, V; Gamboa, H; Salazar, E; Reggio, A;
Indirizzi:
Univ Catania, Ist Sci Neurol, I-95125 Catania, Italy Univ Catania Catania Italy I-95125 st Sci Neurol, I-95125 Catania, Italy Univ Florence, Inst Infect Dis, Florence, Italy Univ Florence Florence Italy Florence, Inst Infect Dis, Florence, Italy Hlth Dist Cordillera Prov, Camiri, Bolivia Hlth Dist Cordillera Prov Camiri Bolivia rdillera Prov, Camiri, Bolivia
Titolo Testata:
STROKE
fascicolo: 4, volume: 31, anno: 2000,
pagine: 882 - 885
SICI:
0039-2499(200004)31:4<882:POS-AD>2.0.ZU;2-F
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CEREBROVASCULAR-DISEASE; NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS; POPULATION; EXPERIENCE;
Keywords:
Bolivia; developing countries; epidemiology; stroke;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
19
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Nicoletti, A Univ Catania, Ist Sci Neurol, Via Santa Sofia 78, I-95125 Catania, Italy Univ Catania Via Santa Sofia 78 Catania Italy I-95125 Italy
Citazione:
A. Nicoletti et al., "Prevalence of stroke - A door-to-door survey in rural Bolivia", STROKE, 31(4), 2000, pp. 882-885

Abstract

Background and Purpose-We carried out a door-to-door survey in rural areasof the Cordillera Province, Santa Cruz Department, Bolivia. A cluster sample of 10 124 inhabitants was selected, and 9955 subjects were screened. Theaim was to determine the prevalence of the most common neurological diseases (epilepsy, stroke, parkinsonism, and peripheral neuropathy) in this population. Methods-We used a modified. version of the World Health Organization screening instrument. On screening we found that: 1130 subjects tested positive,and 1027 underwent a complete neurological examination. According to the World Health Organization guidelines, we defined stroke as "rapidly developing clinical signs of focal (or global) disturbance of cerebral functions, lasting more than 24 hours or leading to death, with no apparent cause otherthan that of vascular origin. " We considered only first stroke and excluded a possible stroke. Results-We found 16 subjects (cases) who had experienced 1 complete strokeon prevalent day (November 1, 1994). The crude prevalence of stroke was 174/100 000 (322/100 000 age-adjusted to the world standard population) and 663/100 000 in subjects aged greater than or equal to 35 years. Prevalence was >2-fold higher in men than in women (247/100 000 and 99/100 000, respectively) and increased rapidly with age. Seven cases were hospitalized and received specific treatment. Conclusions-Our crude prevalence is lower compared with rates from developed countries, probably because of a high case fatality rate. Our findings are comparable with those reported from other surveys carried out in rural developing countries.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 26/01/20 alle ore 23:04:03