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Titolo:
11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase in human vascular cells
Autore:
Hatakeyama, H; Inaba, S; Takeda, R; Miyamori, I;
Indirizzi:
Fukui Med Univ, Dept Internal Med 3, Fukui 9101193, Japan Fukui Med Univ Fukui Japan 9101193 Internal Med 3, Fukui 9101193, Japan KKR Hokuriku Hosp, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan KKR Hokuriku Hosp Kanazawa Ishikawa Japan osp, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan
Titolo Testata:
KIDNEY INTERNATIONAL
fascicolo: 4, volume: 57, anno: 2000,
pagine: 1352 - 1357
SICI:
0085-2538(200004)57:4<1352:1BDIHV>2.0.ZU;2-4
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CHROMOSOMAL LOCALIZATION; GENE-EXPRESSION; RECEPTOR; KIDNEY; HYPERTENSION; ISOFORMS; LIVER; ISOZYME; RATS;
Keywords:
11 beta HSD2; angiotensin II receptor; cortisol; vascular tone; hypertension; blood pressure;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
20
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Hatakeyama, H Fukui Med Univ, Dept Internal Med 3, 23-1 Matsuoka Cho, Fukui 9101193, Japan Fukui Med Univ 23-1 Matsuoka Cho Fukui Japan 9101193 Japan
Citazione:
H. Hatakeyama et al., "11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase in human vascular cells", KIDNEY INT, 57(4), 2000, pp. 1352-1357

Abstract

Aldosterone selectivity in mineralocorticoid target tissues is mainly due to 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta HSD), which converts cortisol to its inactive metabolite cortisone in humans. The defect of dehydrogenase activity would thus allow type 1 mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) to beoccupied mostly by cortisol. It has been postulated that 11 beta HSD type 2 (11 beta HSD2) plays a significant role in conferring ligand specificity on the MR. We have demonstrated the diminished dehydrogenase activity in resistance vessels of genetically hypertensive rats. However. the mechanism that could link impaired vascular 11 beta HSD activity and elevated blood pressure has been unclear. In this study, we showed the enzyme activity in human coronary artery smooth muscle cells. Glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids increase vascular tone by up-regulating the receptors of pressor hormones such as angiotensin II (Ang II). Next, we found that physiological concentrations of a cortisol-induced increase in Ang II binding were significantly enhanced by the inhibition of dehydrogenase activity with an antisense DNA complementary to 11 beta HSD2 mRNA, and the enhancement was partially but significantly abolished by a selective aldosterone receptor antagonist. This may indicate that impaired dehydrogenase activity in vascular wall results in increased vascular tone by the contribution of cortisol, which actsas a mineralocorticoid. In congenital 11 beta HSD deficiency and after theadministration of 11 beta HSD inhibitors, suppression of dehydrogenase activity in the kidney has been believed to cause renal mineralocorticoid excess, resulting in sodium retention and hypertension. These results show thatvascular 11 beta HSD activity could influence blood pressure without invoking renal sodium retention.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 30/11/20 alle ore 16:36:35