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Titolo:
The Aptian-Albian of the Apulia Carbonate Platform (Gargano Promontory, southern Italy): evidence of palaeoceanographic and tectonic controls on the stratigraphic architecture of the platform margin
Autore:
Graziano, R;
Indirizzi:
Serv Geol Nazl, I-00185 Rome, Italy Serv Geol Nazl Rome Italy I-00185Serv Geol Nazl, I-00185 Rome, Italy
Titolo Testata:
CRETACEOUS RESEARCH
fascicolo: 1, volume: 21, anno: 2000,
pagine: 107 - 126
SICI:
0195-6671(200002)21:1<107:TAOTAC>2.0.ZU;2-B
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ISOTOPE STRATIGRAPHY; SEA-LEVEL; GEOLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES; DEPOSITIONAL SEQUENCES; ANOXIC EVENTS; EVOLUTION; RECORD; OCEAN; RISE; NANNOFOSSILS;
Keywords:
Apulia Carbonate Platform; Gargano Promontory; lower Cretaceous; syn-sedimentary tectonics; megabreccias; drowning unconformity; late Early Aptian global event;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
97
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Graziano, R Serv Geol Nazl, Via Curtatone 3, I-00185 Rome, Italy Serv GeolNazl Via Curtatone 3 Rome Italy I-00185 Rome, Italy
Citazione:
R. Graziano, "The Aptian-Albian of the Apulia Carbonate Platform (Gargano Promontory, southern Italy): evidence of palaeoceanographic and tectonic controls on the stratigraphic architecture of the platform margin", CRETAC RES, 21(1), 2000, pp. 107-126

Abstract

Impressive megabreccia levels that were deposited mainly on by-pass, steepmargins of carbonate platforms have usually been linked to syn-sedimentarytectonics and, more recently, to other mechanisms including sea-level low-stands. The Apulia Carbonate Platform, a main palaeogeographic domain of the Mediterranean Tethys, is characterized by huge megabreccia bodies which were deposited along its flank at various intervals during the Cretaceous. This paper deals with the stratigraphy and the genetic meaning of a peculiarearly Cretaceous megabreccia level occurring on the Apulia platform marginexposed in the southern Gargano Promontory (southern Italy). The stratigraphic implications of the megabreccias within the tectonic evolution of the Apulia platform are also discussed along with a comparison with previous models. A sub-vertical blind contact separates a tectonized Berriasian shallow-water succession (Lower S. Giovanni Rotondo Limestones) from a thick ruck-fall megabreccia succession pertaining to the Late Aptian-Albian Posta Manganaro Megabreccias. The contact which is interpreted as a syn-sedimentary fault plane, is sealed by undeformed late Albian slope bioclastic sediments(lower Monte S. Angelo Rudist Limestones). Tensile tectonics downfaulted an external sector of the platform generating an articulated, steep, retreating margin. Field analysis and stratigraphic reconstructions show that the syn-tectonic wedge-shaped megabreccias partly filled an asymmetric depocenter (half-graben) resulting from the activity of a normal fault system located behind the previous prograding, low-energy, leeward margin (Montagna degli Angeli Limestones). Nevertheless, synsedimentary tectonics severely conditioned the composition, depositional processes and dispersal pattern of sediments supplied towards the original platform-to-basin transition (Upper Mattinata Bioclastic Limestones). This stratigraphic framework is believed to reflect a local response of the sedimentation to a late Early Cretaceous syn-sedimentary tectonic phase representing an important turning point in the evolution of the Apulia Carbonate Platform. It is supposed here that theobserved tectonics, which are assumed to be related to the onset of the Austrian orogenic phase at the distant Adria plate margin, could only controlthe extension of the down-faulted platform. More probably, its drowning was decisively caused by the coeval global-scale Selli palaeoceanographic event (OAE la), which reduced the healing power of the platform by poisoning the shallow-water, sediment-donor communities. As a major causal mechanism, the OAE Selli event controlled the development of a rapid facies evolution during the late Early Aptian within the shallow-water successions of the Apulia and many other Tethyan carbonate platforms through the onset of nutrient-enriched water conditions. In this light, a stratigraphic correlation between the bases of the late Early Aptian shallow-water Orbitolina Level andthe basinal Fucoid Marls is proposed. Their deposition within distinctive tracts of many platform-to-basin transitions on the southern Tethyan marginis viewed as the response of a previously pure carbonate sedimentation to the onset of environmental control on a global scale during the late Early Aptian. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

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Documento generato il 04/12/20 alle ore 03:20:26