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Titolo:
Treatment retention of crack and cocaine users in a national sample of long term residential clients
Autore:
Rowan-Szal, GA; Joe, GW; Simpson, DD;
Indirizzi:
Texas Christian Univ, Inst Behav Res, Ft Worth, TX 76129 USA Texas Christian Univ Ft Worth TX USA 76129 av Res, Ft Worth, TX 76129 USA
Titolo Testata:
ADDICTION RESEARCH
fascicolo: 1, volume: 8, anno: 2000,
pagine: 51 - 64
SICI:
1058-6989(2000)8:1<51:TROCAC>2.0.ZU;2-6
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DRUG-ABUSE TREATMENT; EARLY ATTRITION; DATOS; PSYCHOTHERAPY; DEPENDENCE; PROGRAM; PHARMACOTHERAPY; COMMUNITY;
Keywords:
crack; cocaine; DATOS; treatment retention;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
34
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Rowan-Szal, GA Texas Christian Univ, Inst Behav Res, TCU Box 298740, Ft Worth, TX 76129 USA Texas Christian Univ TCU Box 298740 Ft Worth TX USA 76129A
Citazione:
G.A. Rowan-Szal et al., "Treatment retention of crack and cocaine users in a national sample of long term residential clients", ADDICT RES, 8(1), 2000, pp. 51-64

Abstract

Clients entering treatment with cocaine problems are difficult to engage and retain in treatment. Crack users, a subset of cocaine users, are especially difficult to treat. This study investigated whether type of cocaine used (crack or non-crack) was related to retention in treatment. The sample consisted of 900 clients in 13 long-term residential (LTR) programs participating in the national Drug Abuse Treatment Outcome Studies (DATOS). Clients mel the DSM-LII-R criteria for cocaine dependence and were at least weekly users of cocaine (including crack). Hierarchical logistic model regression analysis was used to test the relationship between type of cocaine preference and retention. Crack users had lower retention rates than non-crack cocaine users, even after adjusting for covariates. Higher retention was also related to being older, a high school graduate, unmarried, not depressed, alcohol dependent, more motivated for treatment, and having fewer arrests. New strategies to improve retention for crack users through increased client motivation are discussed.

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Documento generato il 19/09/20 alle ore 09:10:59