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Titolo:
Effect of dietary barley beta-glucan on cholesterol and lipoprotein fractions in rats
Autore:
Kalra, S; Joad, S;
Indirizzi:
Haryana Agr Univ, CCS, Dept Food & Nutr, Hisar 125004, Haryana, India Haryana Agr Univ Hisar Haryana India 125004 Hisar 125004, Haryana, India
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF CEREAL SCIENCE
fascicolo: 2, volume: 31, anno: 2000,
pagine: 141 - 145
SICI:
0733-5210(200003)31:2<141:EODBBO>2.0.ZU;2-J
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
OAT BRAN; INTESTINAL VISCOSITY; LIPID-METABOLISM; WHOLE BARLEY; RICE BRAN; CHICKS; PLASMA; SERUM; HAMSTERS; ENZYME;
Keywords:
barley beta-glucan; total cholesterol; lipoprotein fractions; rats;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
29
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kalra, S Haryana Agr Univ, CCS, Dept Food & Nutr, Hisar 125004, Haryana, India Haryana Agr Univ Hisar Haryana India 125004 5004, Haryana, India
Citazione:
S. Kalra e S. Joad, "Effect of dietary barley beta-glucan on cholesterol and lipoprotein fractions in rats", J CEREAL SC, 31(2), 2000, pp. 141-145

Abstract

The flours of three barley cultivars, namely Dolma (hull-less), DL-88 (hull-less) and BH-331 (hulled), containing 6.23, 4.60, 2.18% total beta-glucanand 5.39, 2.06, 1.08% soluble beta-glucan contents, respectively, were used in the diets of rats to compare their hypocholestrolaemic effects. Comparison was also made with a standard casein diet. After 40 days of feeding trial, feed intake and weight gain were found to Ire the highest for the casein diet and differed significantly from those of the barley diets. Dolma (hull-less) based diet, fed to rats caused significant (p<0.05) reductions inthe levels of total cholesterol (39%), LDL-cholesterol (61%) and triglyceride (21%), and significant elevation in the level of HDL-cholesterol (34%) in serum compared with the casein diet. Similar changes were observed in liver also. There was a significant increase in the HDLc/TC ratio and decrease in the LDLc/HDLc ratio in the serum and livers of Dolma diet-fed rats. The casein group had the highest total serum protein and liver protein compared with other test groups. Among the test diets, DL-88 had ail intermediateand BH-331 the lowest cholesterol-lowering effect. Total and soluble P-glucan appeal-ed to be strong predictors of the cholesterol-lowering in serum and liver of rats. The viscous property of soluble beta-glucan may result in reduced absorption, or reabsorption of lipids. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 24/09/20 alle ore 09:55:48