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Titolo:
Repressive-defensive style and physiological reactivity among children andadolescents with asthma
Autore:
Nassau, JH; Fritz, GK; McQuaid, EL;
Indirizzi:
Brown Univ, Rhode Isl Hosp, Sch Med, Providence, RI 02903 USA Brown Univ Providence RI USA 02903 osp, Sch Med, Providence, RI 02903 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF PSYCHOSOMATIC RESEARCH
fascicolo: 2, volume: 48, anno: 2000,
pagine: 133 - 140
SICI:
0022-3999(200002)48:2<133:RSAPRA>2.0.ZU;2-3
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
COPING STYLES; MANIFEST ANXIETY; I THINK; PERCEPTION; HYPOTHESIS; RESPONSES; PATTERNS; CANCER; FEEL;
Keywords:
asthma; children; physiological reactivity; repressive-defensiveness;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
31
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Nassau, JH Brown Univ, Rhode Isl Hosp, Sch Med, 593 Eddy St, Providence, RI 02903 USA Brown Univ 593 Eddy St Providence RI USA 02903 ce, RI 02903 USA
Citazione:
J.H. Nassau et al., "Repressive-defensive style and physiological reactivity among children andadolescents with asthma", J PSYCHOSOM, 48(2), 2000, pp. 133-140

Abstract

Objective: This study evaluates the concordance of two self-report methodsof operationalizing repressive-defensive style in children with asthma. Itwas hypothesized that, compared with low-anxious children, repressive-defensive children would exhibit increased physiological reactivity during a stressful laboratory task, despite comparable self-reports of state anxiety. Methods: Ninety-one children and adolescents (mean age = 11.5 years) with asthma participated in the study. Repressive-defensiveness was operationalized as self-reported low distress coupled with high defensiveness or restraint. Self-report data reflecting trait anxiety, defensiveness, and personality style were used to classify children as repressive-defensive by two independent methods. Physiological reactivity was operationalized as standardized changes in peripheral temperature, heart rate, and/or skin conductance from baseline to a stressful task. For the stressful task, children spoke into a tape recorder about a stressful or embarrassing event. Results: Each method classified 20% of children as repressive-defensive. However, of the children classified as repressive-defensive by either method (n = 26), only 38% (n = 10) were classified as repressive-defensive by both methods. In addition, regardless of the classification method, repressive-defensive children did not consistently differ from low-anxious children with respect to physiological reactivity under stress, one of the hallmarks of repressive-defensiveness in adults. Conclusion: These results cast doubt on our ability to measure repressive-defensiveness reliably using self-report measures. Future research should determine whether children and adolescents can be reliably classified as repressive-defensive, whether this classification is related to physiological reactivity as in adults, and whether repressive-defensiveness plays a role in emotionally triggered asthma symptoms. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/11/20 alle ore 14:57:25