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Titolo:
Effects of N-methyl-L-arginine on cardiac and regional blood flow in a dogendotoxin shock model
Autore:
Doursout, MF; Kilbourn, RG; Hartley, CJ; Chelly, JE;
Indirizzi:
Univ Texas, Sch Med, Dept Anesthesiol, Hlth Sci Ctr, Houston, TX 77030 USAUniv Texas Houston TX USA 77030 siol, Hlth Sci Ctr, Houston, TX 77030 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF CRITICAL CARE
fascicolo: 1, volume: 15, anno: 2000,
pagine: 22 - 29
SICI:
0883-9441(200003)15:1<22:EONOCA>2.0.ZU;2-0
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NITRIC-OXIDE SYNTHASE; SEPTIC SHOCK; BACTERIAL LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDE; ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS; HEPATIC DAMAGE; CANINE MODEL; IN-VIVO; INHIBITION; RAT; HYPOTENSION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
44
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Chelly, JE Univ Texas, Sch Med, Dept Anesthesiol, Hlth Sci Ctr, 6431 Fannin,MSB 5-020, Houston, TX 77030 USA Univ Texas 6431 Fannin,MSB 5-020 HoustonTX USA 77030 77030 USA
Citazione:
M.F. Doursout et al., "Effects of N-methyl-L-arginine on cardiac and regional blood flow in a dogendotoxin shock model", J CRIT CARE, 15(1), 2000, pp. 22-29

Abstract

Purpose: Indirect evidence suggests a decrease in organ perfusion as a result of nitric oxide (NO) inhibition in endotoxic shock. Cardiac and regional hemodynamic responses to N-methyl-L-arginine (L-NMA), a nonspecific inhibitor of constitutive and inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS), were assessed in nine conscious dogs subjected to endotoxin. Materials and Methods: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was titrated to a maximum of 200 mu g/kg, IV, over 45 minutes. L-NMA was given in a dose of 20 mg/kg,IV. Hemodynamic parameters were recorded for 6 hours following L-NMA administration. Results: LPS induced significant decreases in mean arterial blood pressure(MAP), cardiac output (CO), first derivative of left ventricular pressure (dP/dt), coronary blood flow, carotid blood flow, mesenteric blood flow, renal blood flow, and a significant hepatic vasodilation, L-NMA fully reversed the effects of LPS on MAP, heart rate, dP/dt, coronary and carotid blood flow, and reversed mesenteric blood flow and hepatic blood how at 1 and 3 hours, respectively. L-PIMA partially overcame the LPS-induced decrease in renal blood flow at 30 minutes and 1 hour. Except for mesenteric and carotidcirculation, L-NMA did not change regional vascular resistance. Conclusions: It is likely that constitutive NOS Is implicated in immediatecardiac, carotid, mesenteric, and renal vascular changes, whereas inducible NOS accounted for delayed responses In hepatic and coronary circulation. Copyright (C) 2000 by W.B. Saunders Company.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 02/04/20 alle ore 19:24:59