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Titolo:
Comparison of diets of diabetic and non-diabetic elderly men in Finland, The Netherlands and Italy
Autore:
Virtanen, SM; Feskens, EJM; Rasanen, L; Fidanza, F; Tuomilehto, J; Giampaoli, S; Nissinen, A; Kromhout, D;
Indirizzi:
Univ Tampere, Sch Publ Hlth & Med, FIN-33101 Tampere, Finland Univ Tampere Tampere Finland FIN-33101 & Med, FIN-33101 Tampere, Finland Univ Tampere, Tampere Diabet Res Ctr, FIN-33101 Tampere, Finland Univ Tampere Tampere Finland FIN-33101 s Ctr, FIN-33101 Tampere, Finland Tampere Univ Hosp, Dept Pediat, Tampere, Finland Tampere Univ Hosp Tampere Finland v Hosp, Dept Pediat, Tampere, Finland Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm, Dept Chron Dis & Environm Epidemiol, Bilthoven, Netherlands Natl Inst Publ Hlth & Environm Bilthoven Netherlands hoven, Netherlands Univ Helsinki, Dept Appl Chem & Microbiol, Div Nutr, Helsinki, Finland Univ Helsinki Helsinki Finland & Microbiol, Div Nutr, Helsinki, Finland Univ Perugia, Dept Internal Med & Endocrinol & Metab Sci, I-06100 Perugia,Italy Univ Perugia Perugia Italy I-06100 ol & Metab Sci, I-06100 Perugia,Italy Natl Publ Hlth Inst, Dept Epidemiol & Hlth Promot, Helsinki, Finland Natl Publ Hlth Inst Helsinki Finland l & Hlth Promot, Helsinki, Finland Ist Super Sanita, Epidemiol & Biostat Lab, I-00161 Rome, Italy Ist Super Sanita Rome Italy I-00161 l & Biostat Lab, I-00161 Rome, Italy Univ Kuopio, Dept Community Hlth & Gen Practice, Kuopio, Finland Univ Kuopio Kuopio Finland mmunity Hlth & Gen Practice, Kuopio, Finland
Titolo Testata:
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION
fascicolo: 3, volume: 54, anno: 2000,
pagine: 181 - 186
SICI:
0954-3007(200003)54:3<181:CODODA>2.0.ZU;2-U
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
7 COUNTRIES; PATTERNS; COHORTS;
Keywords:
food consumption; nutrient intake; diabetic men; Finland; The Netherlands; Italy;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
24
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Virtanen, SM Univ Tampere, Sch Publ Hlth, POB 607, FIN-33101 Tampere, Finland Univ Tampere POB 607 Tampere Finland FIN-33101 pere, Finland
Citazione:
S.M. Virtanen et al., "Comparison of diets of diabetic and non-diabetic elderly men in Finland, The Netherlands and Italy", EUR J CL N, 54(3), 2000, pp. 181-186

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate whether dietary recommendations for subjects with diabetes are met among Finnish, Dutch and Italian elderly men with diabetes,and whether the diets of diabetic and non-diabetic men differ in these three countries. Design: A dietary survey using cross-check dietary history method. A cross-sectional comparison. Setting: Thirty-year Follow-up of survivors from the Finnish, Dutch and Italian cohorts of the Seven Countries Study. Subjects: 227 elderly men from Finland, 537 from The Netherlands, and 417 from Italy, of whom 8-9% had diabetes. Main results: The diets of non-diabetic men from the three countries differed markedly from each other. In all three countries diabetic men consumed less added sugar than non-diabetic men. In Italy, in addition, diabetic menconsumed more fruits and berries and vegetables. The Dutch diabetic men ate relatively more cereal products, fruits and berries, milk and milk products, cheese, and meat and meat products and drank less alcoholic beverages than non-diabetic men. The diet of both diabetic and non-diabetic Finnish and Dutch men was characterized by high fat content (41% and 40% of energy, respectively). The fat content of the diet was even higher for diabetic thannon-diabetic men in Finland and The Netherlands, but not in Italy. The fibre content of the diet was the highest among Dutch men and diabetic men received more dietary fibre than non-diabetic men in The Netherlands and Italy, but not in Finland. The diet of diabetic and non-diabetic Finnish men differed little from each other and was characterized by high nutrient densityof several vitamins and minerals. The proportion of protein of energy intake was higher among diabetic than non-diabetic Dutch and Italian men. Conclusions: The diet of the diabetic men from Finland, the Netherlands, and Italy resembled more the diet of non-diabetic men from the respective countries than the diet of diabetic men from the other countries. In the dietof Italian diabetic men, the proportions of fat, saturated fatty acids andcarbohydrates were nearest the recommended levels.

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Documento generato il 01/04/20 alle ore 10:37:21