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Titolo:
Children and adolescents with velocardiofacial syndrome: A volumetric MRI study
Autore:
Eliez, S; Schmitt, JE; White, CD; Reiss, AL;
Indirizzi:
Stanford Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, Stanford, CA 94305 USA Stanford Univ Stanford CA USA 94305 t & Behav Sci, Stanford, CA 94305 USA
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY
fascicolo: 3, volume: 157, anno: 2000,
pagine: 409 - 415
SICI:
0002-953X(200003)157:3<409:CAAWVS>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CARDIO-FACIAL-SYNDROME; BRAIN ANOMALIES; 22Q11 DELETIONS; RETT-SYNDROME; SCHIZOPHRENIA; MEMORY; NEUROANATOMY; DISORDERS; DELINEATION; VARIABILITY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
51
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Eliez, S Stanford Univ, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, 401 Quarry Rd,Stanford, CA 94305 USA Stanford Univ 401 Quarry Rd Stanford CA USA 94305 d, CA 94305 USA
Citazione:
S. Eliez et al., "Children and adolescents with velocardiofacial syndrome: A volumetric MRI study", AM J PSYCHI, 157(3), 2000, pp. 409-415

Abstract

Objective: Velocardiofacial syndrome is a common genetic condition often accompanied by mild cognitive impairment. Children and adolescents with velocardiofacial syndrome also are at greater risk for developing serious neuropsychiatric disorders in adulthood, particularly schizophrenia-like disorders. The purpose of this preliminary study was to 1) elucidate through brainimaging the neurobiological basis of cognitive and neuropsychiatric problems in velocardiofacial syndrome, and 2) consider the association between variations in neuroanatomy in velocardiofacial syndrome subjects and the associated neurobehavioral phenotype. Method: Fifteen children and adolescents with velocardiofacial syndrome were matched by age and gender with 15 comparison subjects. High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging scans were analyzed to provide quantitative measures of specified brain tissues and regions. Rater-blind morphometric analyses were conducted to examine tissue volumes of the four lobes and the cerebellum. Results: Total brain volume was approximately 11% smaller in the children with velocardiofacial syndrome. Graymatter volume was reduced to a lesser extent (7.5%) than white matter volume (16.3%). Multivariate analyses of Variance indicated a distinct pattern of regional morphological variation among the children with velocardiofacial syndrome. Specifically, frontal lobe tissue tended to be enlarged relative to the overall reduction in brain volume. Normal symmetry of parietal lobe tissue observed in the comparison group was not evident in the velocardiofacial syndrome group. This loss of symmetry was attributable to a significant reduction of gray matter in the left parietal robe. Conclusions: Aberrant brain morphology is associated with velocardiofacial syndrome. These changes are potentially related to the language and learning deficits associated with the syndrome and may provide clues about neurodevelopmental pathways associated with schizophrenia.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 23/01/20 alle ore 06:46:47