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Titolo:
Psychophysiology by the end of the 20th century
Autore:
Bechtereva, NP;
Indirizzi:
Russian Acad Sci, Inst Human Brain, Lab Neurophysiol Thinking & Consciousness, St Petersburg 197376, Russia Russian Acad Sci St Petersburg Russia 197376 t Petersburg 197376, Russia
Titolo Testata:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY
fascicolo: 2-3, volume: 35, anno: 2000,
pagine: 219 - 236
SICI:
0167-8760(200003)35:2-3<219:PBTEOT>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY; NEURONAL-ACTIVITY; PREFRONTAL CORTEX; ERROR-DETECTION; CEREBRAL LATERALIZATION; FUNCTIONAL-ANATOMY; SINGLE SUBJECTS; FRONTAL-CORTEX; NEURAL SYSTEM; HUMAN-BRAIN;
Keywords:
human brain; PET; thinking;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
124
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Bechtereva, NP Russian Acad Sci, Inst Human Brain, Lab Neurophysiol Thinking & Consciousness, 9 Pavlov St, St Petersburg 197376, Russia Russian Acad Sci 9 Pavlov St St Petersburg Russia 197376 a
Citazione:
N.P. Bechtereva, "Psychophysiology by the end of the 20th century", INT J PSYCP, 35(2-3), 2000, pp. 219-236

Abstract

The first real breakthrough in the research of brain organization and thinking in the 20th century was made in neuophysiological investigations performed in direct contact with different sites of the brain, which became possible in diagnosis and treatment. The second breakthrough is happening at present. It is based on the opportunities provided by the non-invasive technique. The theory of the unique character of the brain system consisting of rigid and flexible elements maintaining thinking was created as well as concepts on the reliability in the system, of the error detector and intrinsic protective mechanisms of the brain. In the clinic these data enabled us to help patients who had lost various functions due to stroke. In confirmationwith the above theory it was revealed that the same task could be solved in the brain by systems consisting of different elements due to environmental changes or even direction of attention. Data on the functional propertiesor every zone of the cortex and subcortex as well as cerebellum are rapidly increasing in number. The first priority lies in neurophysiologically penetrating into the physiological character and micromosaic of the activationsites of PET. The main aim of future brain research lies in the investigation of the fine physiological rearrangements which underlie thinking, i.e, deciphering its brain code. This is going to be the basis for the third, extremely Valid breakthrough in the research on brain organization of thinking. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. AU rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 04/04/20 alle ore 09:11:14