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Titolo:
Super-learning of causal judgements
Autore:
Aitken, MRF; Larkin, MJW; Dickinson, A;
Indirizzi:
Univ Cambridge, Dept Expt Psychol, Cambridge CB2 3EB, England Univ Cambridge Cambridge England CB2 3EB hol, Cambridge CB2 3EB, England
Titolo Testata:
QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY SECTION B-COMPARATIVE AND PHYSIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY
fascicolo: 1, volume: 53, anno: 2000,
pagine: 59 - 81
SICI:
0272-4995(200002)53:1<59:SOCJ>2.0.ZU;2-O
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
WITHIN-COMPOUND ASSOCIATIONS; HUMAN CONTINGENCY JUDGMENT; BACKWARD BLOCKING; RETROSPECTIVE REVALUATION; LATENT INHIBITION; CUE INTERACTION; COVARIATION; STIMULI;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
36
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Dickinson, A Univ Cambridge, Dept Expt Psychol, Downing St, Cambridge CB2 3EB, England Univ Cambridge Downing St Cambridge England CB2 3EB England
Citazione:
M.R.F. Aitken et al., "Super-learning of causal judgements", Q J EXP P-B, 53(1), 2000, pp. 59-81

Abstract

In three experiments, participants learned which of a variety of foods were capable of causing an allergic reaction in a hypothetical patient during training in which a compound of a treatment and a target food cue was paired with the reaction. In Experiment 1 the causal ratings of the target cue were increased ift he treatment cue was pretrained as a preventative cause of the reaction. Experiments 2 and 3 demonstrated that the magnitude of thissuper-learning is unaffected by the order of compound and treatment cue training. The final study also showed that forward super-learning is not induced solely by simple exposure to the treatment cue prior to compound training but, rather, depends upon training the treatment cue as a preventative cause, whereas retrospective super-learning may be due merely to exposure ofthe treatment cue. These results are problematic for contingency-based accounts of causal induction but accord with modified and extended associativetheories.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 22/01/20 alle ore 09:38:42