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Titolo:
gamma-Al2O3-supported Pt catalysts with extremely high dispersions resulting from Pt-W interactions
Autore:
Alexeev, OS; Graham, GW; Shelef, M; Gates, BC;
Indirizzi:
Univ Calif Davis, Dept Chem Engn & Mat Sci, Davis, CA 95616 USA Univ CalifDavis Davis CA USA 95616 m Engn & Mat Sci, Davis, CA 95616 USA Ford Motor Co, Ford Res Lab, Dearborn, MI 48121 USA Ford Motor Co Dearborn MI USA 48121 Ford Res Lab, Dearborn, MI 48121 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF CATALYSIS
fascicolo: 1, volume: 190, anno: 2000,
pagine: 157 - 172
SICI:
0021-9517(20000215)190:1<157:GPCWEH>2.0.ZU;2-F
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PREGRAPHITIZED CARBON-BLACK; METAL-SUPPORT INTERACTIONS; TOLUENE HYDROGENATION; AROMATIC-HYDROCARBONS; PARTICLE-SIZE; CROTONALDEHYDE HYDROGENATION; STRUCTURAL CHARACTERIZATION; BIMETALLIC CLUSTERS; EXAFS; MGO;
Keywords:
clusters; bimetallic clusters; Pt-W/gamma-Al2O3; toluene hydrogenation; crotonaldehyde hydrogenation;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Engineering, Computing & Technology
Citazioni:
41
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Alexeev, OS Univ Calif Davis, Dept Chem Engn & Mat Sci, Davis, CA 95616 USA Univ Calif Davis Davis CA USA 95616 Sci, Davis, CA 95616 USA
Citazione:
O.S. Alexeev et al., "gamma-Al2O3-supported Pt catalysts with extremely high dispersions resulting from Pt-W interactions", J CATALYSIS, 190(1), 2000, pp. 157-172

Abstract

gamma-Al2O3-supported catalysts were prepared from bimetallic precursors, {Pt[W(CO)(3)(C5H5)](2)(PhCN)(2)} and {Pt2W2(CO)(6)(C5H5)(2)(PPh3)(2)}, as well as from a mixture of [PtCl2(PhCN)(2)] and [W(CO)(6)], and characterizedby extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy and chemisorption of H-2, CO, and O-2; the samples were reduced with H-2 at 400 degrees C for 2 h-prior to most characterizations. EXAFS data show that tungsten in either of the bimetallic precursors helped to maintain the platinum ina highly dispersed form during treatment in H-2, leading to supported platinum clusters of only about 4 to 6 atoms each, on average. EXAFS spectra measured at the Pt L-II edge indicate substantial Pt-W contributions in samples prepared from the bimetallic precursors, but not in samples prepared from the two monometallic precursors; the Pt-W coordination numbers in the former samples were about 2 and 1, respectively, at an average Pt-W distance of 2.71 Angstrom. W L-III edge EXAFS data indicate substantial W-Pt interactions in the samples prepared from the bimetallic precursors, with an average W-Pt coordination number of about 1.0 at a distance of 2.71 Angstrom. Theresults are consistent with the inference that W-Pt-W (or Pt-(W)(2)-Pt) units in the precursor were largely retained following removal of the ligandsby H-2 treatment. EXAFS data also show that the Pt-W interactions in samples prepared from the bimetallic precursors were strong enough to be largelymaintained even under oxidation/reduction conditions at temperatures as high as 400 degrees C. In addition to the metal-metal contributions, the EXAFS data show substantial interactions of both tungsten and platinum with oxygen atoms of the gamma-Al2O3 support. The platinum clusters are inferred tobe stabilized in a highly dispersed state by their interactions with tungsten cations (identified by oxygen uptake data), which are held in place by interactions with surface oxygen atoms of gamma-Al2O3 (indicated by EXAFS data). In contrast, the sample prepared from the two monometallic precursorsis characterized by a lack of Pt-W interactions las indicated by the EXAFSdata) and by relatively large platinum particles. The supported platinum clusters made from bimetallic precursors are characterized by lower chemisorption of CO or of hydrogen and by low catalytic activities for toluene hydrogenation at 1 atm and 60 degrees C, relative to the values characterizing the samples made from the monometallic precursors, which incorporated larger platinum particles. On the other hand, the catalysts containing tungsten were an order of magnitude more active than Pt/gamma-Al2O3 for hydrogenation of crotonaldehyde to give crotyl alcohol, although these catalysts were still nonselective for this reaction. The data indicate that tungsten formedisolated microscopic islands on gamma-Al2O3, influencing the adsorption and catalysis by platinum by its proximity to the latter. Literature data indicate that other combinations of oxophilic and noble metals on oxide supports behave similarly. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 02/07/20 alle ore 20:41:03