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Titolo:
Long-term exercise and its effect on balance in older, osteoarthritic adults: Results from the fitness, arthritis, and seniors trial (FAST)
Autore:
Messier, SP; Royer, TD; Craven, TE; OToole, ML; Burns, R; Ettinger, WH;
Indirizzi:
Wake Forest Univ, Dept Hlth & Exercise Sci, JB Snow Biomech Lab, Winston Salem, NC 27109 USA Wake Forest Univ Winston Salem NC USA 27109 , Winston Salem, NC 27109 USA Wake Forest Univ, Sch Med, Dept Publ Hlth Sci, Winston Salem, NC 27109 USAWake Forest Univ Winston Salem NC USA 27109 , Winston Salem, NC 27109 USA Wake Forest Univ, Sch Med, Dept Internal Med, Winston Salem, NC 27109 USA Wake Forest Univ Winston Salem NC USA 27109 , Winston Salem, NC 27109 USA Univ Tennessee, Dept Internal Med, Memphis, TN USA Univ Tennessee MemphisTN USA nessee, Dept Internal Med, Memphis, TN USA Univ Tennessee, Dept Orthoped Surg, Memphis, TN USA Univ Tennessee Memphis TN USA essee, Dept Orthoped Surg, Memphis, TN USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 48, anno: 2000,
pagine: 131 - 138
SICI:
0002-8614(200002)48:2<131:LEAIEO>2.0.ZU;2-R
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BIOMECHANICS PLATFORM MEASURES; POSTURAL CONTROL; KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS; PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY; STANDING BALANCE; ELDERLY WOMEN; RISK-FACTORS; FALLS; SWAY; STRENGTH;
Keywords:
aging; rehabilitation; degenerative joint disease;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
49
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Messier, SP Wake Forest Univ, Dept Hlth & Exercise Sci, JB Snow Biomech Lab, Winston Salem, NC 27109 USA Wake Forest Univ Winston Salem NC USA 27109lem, NC 27109 USA
Citazione:
S.P. Messier et al., "Long-term exercise and its effect on balance in older, osteoarthritic adults: Results from the fitness, arthritis, and seniors trial (FAST)", J AM GER SO, 48(2), 2000, pp. 131-138

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of 18-month aerobic walking and strength training programs on static postural stability among older adults with knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Randomized, single-blind, clinical trial of therapeutic exercise. SETTING: Both center-based (university) and home-based. PARTICIPANTS: A cohort of: 103 older adults (age = 60 years) with knee osteoarthritis who were participants in a large (n = 439) clinical trial and who were randomly assigned to undergo biomechanical resting. INTERVENTION: An 18-month center- (3 months) and home-based (15 months) therapeutic exercise program. The subjects were randomized to one of three treatment arms: (1) aerobic walking; (2) health education control; or (3) weight training. MEASUREMENTS: Force platform static balance measures of average length (Rm) of the center of pressure (COP), average velocity (Vel) of the COP, elliptical area (Ae) of the COP, and balance time (T). Measures were made under four conditions: eyes open, double- and single-leg stances and eyes closed,double- and single-leg stances. RESULTS: Tn the eyes closed, double-leg stance condition, both the aerobicand weight training groups demonstrated significantly better sway measuresrelative to the health education group. The aerobic group also demonstrated better balance in the eyes open, single-leg stance condition. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that long-term weight training and aerobic walking programs significantly improve postural sway in older, osteoarthritic adults, thereby decreasing the likelihood of larger postural sway disturbances relative to a control group.

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Documento generato il 02/12/20 alle ore 05:35:24