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Titolo:
Assessing olfaction in the Italian population: methodology and clinical application
Autore:
Parola, S; Liberini, P;
Indirizzi:
Brescia Gen Hosp, Clin Neurophysiol Sect, Psychophysiol Unit, I-25125 Brescia, Italy Brescia Gen Hosp Brescia Italy I-25125 siol Unit, I-25125 Brescia, Italy
Titolo Testata:
ITALIAN JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES
fascicolo: 5, volume: 20, anno: 1999,
pagine: 287 - 296
SICI:
0392-0461(199910)20:5<287:AOITIP>2.0.ZU;2-#
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ODOR RECOGNITION MEMORY; IDENTIFICATION DEFICITS; PARKINSONS-DISEASE; ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE; TEMPORAL LOBECTOMY; ESSENTIAL TREMOR; DYSFUNCTION; SMELL; TASTE; DISORDERS;
Keywords:
olfaction; psychophysiology; neuropsychology; methodology; neurological disorders;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
77
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Parola, S Brescia Gen Hosp, Clin Neurophysiol Sect, Psychophysiol Unit, Piazzale Osped 1 Policlin Satellite, I-25125 Brescia, Italy Brescia Gen Hosp Piazzale Osped 1 Policlin Satellite Brescia Italy I-25125
Citazione:
S. Parola e P. Liberini, "Assessing olfaction in the Italian population: methodology and clinical application", ITAL J NEUR, 20(5), 1999, pp. 287-296

Abstract

Disorders of the sense of smell are receiving growing clinical as well as experimental attention. Indeed, several neurological conditions have been associated with peripheral or central deficits of the olfactory system. In recent years, particular emphasis has been attributed to the early and severe olfactory impairment in neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's dementia and Parkinson's disease. Olfactory assessment has also been included in comprehensive pre- and post-surgical evaluations of temporal lobe epilepsy. Moreover, the request for standardized methods of olfactory evaluation by forensic and occupational medicine is greatly increasing. Despite this requirement, there is no agreement in the Italian neurological community on olfactory assessment. This lack prompted us to generate a battery of standardized tests capable of bypassing cross-cultural differencesin olfactory assessment and to be potentially useful in the clinical as well as experimental settings. Procedures of assessment of olfactory acuity (detection threshold), identification (multiple choice odor naming), discrimination (differentiation between similar/dissimilar odorants) and memory (recognition of a substance previously smelled) are fully described. In order to control bias factors depending upon the nature of the investigated disorder and the applied olfactory tasks, a minimal complementary neuropsychological assessment is recommended.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 18/01/20 alle ore 10:41:56