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Titolo:
Silymarin effects on intracellular calcium and cytotoxicity: A study in perfused rat hepatocytes after oxidative stress injury
Autore:
Farghali, H; Kamenikova, L; Hynie, S; Kmonickova, E;
Indirizzi:
Charles Univ, Fac Med 1, Inst Pharmacol, Prague 12800 2, Czech Republic Charles Univ Prague Czech Republic 12800 2 rague 12800 2, Czech Republic
Titolo Testata:
PHARMACOLOGICAL RESEARCH
fascicolo: 2, volume: 41, anno: 2000,
pagine: 231 - 237
SICI:
1043-6618(200002)41:2<231:SEOICA>2.0.ZU;2-D
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
TERT-BUTYL HYDROPEROXIDE; LIPID-PEROXIDATION; CULTURED-HEPATOCYTES; SILYBUM-MARIANUM; LIVER; PROTECTION; CIRRHOSIS; SILIBININ; TRIAL; ACID;
Keywords:
silymarin; tert-butylhydroxide D-galactosamine; perfused hepatocytes;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
33
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Farghali, H Charles Univ, Fac Med 1, Inst Pharmacol, Albertov 4, Prague 12800 2, CzechRepublic Charles Univ Albertov 4 Prague Czech Republic 12800 2epublic
Citazione:
H. Farghali et al., "Silymarin effects on intracellular calcium and cytotoxicity: A study in perfused rat hepatocytes after oxidative stress injury", PHARMAC RES, 41(2), 2000, pp. 231-237

Abstract

The re-emergence of silymarin as a natural remedy for diseases of the liver and biliary tract necessitates revaluation of the efficiency of this compound and its possible mode of action. The aim of this study was to investigate the potentials of silymarin on the amelioration of hepatic injuries. The possible mechanism(s) that contribute to the hepatoprotective effect of silymarin and the role played by intracellular calcium (Ca-i(2+)) was investigated using tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBH) and D-galactosamine (D-Gal) intoxication in a model of the isolated immobilized and perfused hepatocytes. Silymarin decreased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage, increased oxygen consumption, reduced the formation of lipid peroxides (malondialdehyde, MDA)in hepatocytes that were altered by TBH and increased urea synthesis in the perfusion medium. TBH treatment increased Ca-i(2+) in hepatocytes significantly to a value of more than 600 nM and silymarin pre-treatment reduced the TBH-induced rise in Ca-i(2+) and brought Ca-i(2+) level to below 300 nM. Silymarin did not affect LD leakage or urea synthesis in D-Gal-injured cells. It is concluded that silymarin hepatoprotective effect under the present experimental conditions is due to the inhibition of lipid peroxidation and that the modulation of hepatocyte Ca-i(2+) plays a pivotal role in a protective effect. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 30/11/20 alle ore 03:20:33