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Titolo:
Immobilization of free-ranging nine-banded and great long-nosed armadilloswith three anesthetic combinations
Autore:
Fournier-Chambrillon, C; Vogel, I; Fournier, P; de Thoisy, B; Vie, JC;
Indirizzi:
Savoie Technolac, EDF CNEH, Programme Faune Sauvage, F-73373 Le Bourget DuLac, France Savoie Technolac Le Bourget Du Lac France F-73373 Bourget DuLac, France
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE DISEASES
fascicolo: 1, volume: 36, anno: 2000,
pagine: 131 - 140
SICI:
0090-3558(200001)36:1<131:IOFNAG>2.0.ZU;2-E
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MEDETOMIDINE-KETAMINE; VETERINARY-MEDICINE; ATIPAMEZOLE; REVERSAL; XYLAZINE; WILD; CATS; PHARMACOLOGY; TILETAMINE; ZOLAZEPAM;
Keywords:
atipamezole; Dasypus kappleri; Dasypus novemcinctus; great long-nosed armadillo; immobilization; ketamine; medetomidine; nine-banded armadillo; tiletamine-zolazepam; xylazine;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
43
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Fournier-Chambrillon, C Savoie Technolac, EDF CNEH, Programme Faune Sauvage, F-73373 Le Bourget DuLac, France Savoie Technolac Le Bourget Du Lac France F-73373
Citazione:
C. Fournier-Chambrillon et al., "Immobilization of free-ranging nine-banded and great long-nosed armadilloswith three anesthetic combinations", J WILDL DIS, 36(1), 2000, pp. 131-140

Abstract

Nine-banded (n = 47) and great (n = 31) long-nosed armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus and Dasypus kappleri) were immobilized for clinical examination and collection of biological samples as part of a wildlife rescue during thefilling of a hydroelectric dam (Petit Saut, French Guiana) from May 1994 to April 1995. Three intramuscular (i.m.) anesthetic combinations were evaluated: (1) tiletamine/zolazepam (T/Z) at a dose of 8.5 mg/kg in 12 nine-banded long-nosed armadillos (NBA) and 10 great long-nosed armadillos (GLA), (2) ketamine at 40 mg/kg combined with xylazine at 1.0 mg/kg (K/X) in 18 NEA and nine GLA, and (3) ketamine at 7.5 mg/kg combined with medetomidine at 75 mu g/kg (K/M) in 17 NEA and 12 GLA, antagonized by 375 mu g/kg atipamezole. Induction was smooth, ranged from (x) over bar +/- SD = 2.8 +/- 0.6 to 4.3 +/- 1.8 min, and did not differ significantly between protocols, species, or sex. In NEA, immobilization time ranged from 43.8 +/- 27.8 to 66.5 +/-40.0 min and did not differ between protocols or sex. Muscle relaxation was judged to be better with K/X and K/M versus T/Z. In GLA, the response to the anesthetic protocols was more variable and immobilization time ranged from 30.4 +/- 6.2 to 98.4 +/- 33.7 min. The main difference was observed in GLA females receiving the T/Z combination, in which immobilization time wassignificantly longer versus males, but also versus GLA K/M group, and versus NEA T/Z group. Effects on body temperature, heart rate and respiratory rate were limited. Thirty six to 50% of the individuals showed hypoxemia (SpO2 < 85%) throughout anesthesia and values <80% also were recorded but the hypoxemia was not associated with clinical signs. With T/Z and K/X, recovery was irregular and prolonged up to 2 to 3 hr in some individuals. In K/M groups, first standing was observed 1.0 to 16.4 min after i.m, atipamezole injection without adverse effects. Finally, the three anesthetic combinations used in this study were effective and safe agents for 30 to 40 min immobilizations including minor surgery procedures. The ability to antagonize themedetomidine-induced sedation with atipamezole significantly reduces the recovery time, making the K/M combination preferable, especially in field conditions.

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Documento generato il 29/03/20 alle ore 12:10:39