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Titolo:
Forced hyperphasia and environmental dependency syndrome
Autore:
Tanaka, Y; Albert, ML; Hara, H; Miyashita, T; Kotani, N;
Indirizzi:
Momose Clin, Nara 6360933, Japan Momose Clin Nara Japan 6360933Momose Clin, Nara 6360933, Japan Boston Univ, Sch Med, Dept Neurol, Aphasia Res Ctr, Boston, MA 02118 USA Boston Univ Boston MA USA 02118 ol, Aphasia Res Ctr, Boston, MA 02118 USA Boston Vet Adm Med Ctr, Boston, MA USA Boston Vet Adm Med Ctr Boston MA USA ton Vet Adm Med Ctr, Boston, MA USA Yodogawa Christian Hosp, Dept Cerebrovasc Med, Osaka, Japan Yodogawa Christian Hosp Osaka Japan Dept Cerebrovasc Med, Osaka, Japan
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY NEUROSURGERY AND PSYCHIATRY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 68, anno: 2000,
pagine: 224 - 226
SICI:
0022-3050(200002)68:2<224:FHAEDS>2.0.ZU;2-T
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
UTILIZATION BEHAVIOR; FRONTAL LOBES; THALAMIC INFARCTION; HUMAN AUTONOMY; IMITATION; DAMAGE;
Keywords:
forced hyperphasia; imitation behaviour; environmental dependency syndrome;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
16
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Tanaka, Y Momose Clin, 124 Shimogaito, Nara 6360933, Japan Momose Clin 124Shimogaito Nara Japan 6360933 ra 6360933, Japan
Citazione:
Y. Tanaka et al., "Forced hyperphasia and environmental dependency syndrome", J NE NE PSY, 68(2), 2000, pp. 224-226

Abstract

A distinctive, language related fragment of the environmental dependency syndrome is described: compulsive, involuntary, environmentally dependent speaking. Because this syndrome represents the obverse of aphasia, it is named forced hyperphasia. An 84 year old woman with acute left frontal infarction was admitted to hospital with gait disturbance, forced grasp reflex, andstriking imitation behaviour. After 2 weeks her imitation behaviour disappeared, but an equally striking new behaviour emerged. In the presence of others she would call out the names of objects in the room, and also call outthe actions and gestures of people in the room, even though she was not asked to do so, and even though she was asked to stop. For example, if the doctor scratched his nose, she said, "The doctor is scratching his nose. " Brain CT, MRI, and SPECT showed cerebral atrophy and a left superior frontal subcortical infarct. It is suggested that "forced hyperphasia" is a clinicalfragment of the environmental dependency syndrome and that her compulsive,impulsive, involuntary release of spoken language resulted from the release of frontal inhibition of the complex reflex linking environmental cues tothe set of motor, limbic, spatial, and linguistic associations underlying spoken language.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 06/04/20 alle ore 07:47:34