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Titolo:
Death in two Canadian intensive care units: Institutional difference and changes over time
Autore:
McLean, RF; Tarshis, J; Mazer, CD; Szalai, JP;
Indirizzi:
Univ Toronto, Sunnybrook Hlth Sci Ctr, Dept Anaesthesia, Toronto, ON, Canada Univ Toronto Toronto ON Canada tr, Dept Anaesthesia, Toronto, ON, Canada Univ Toronto, Sunnybrook Hlth Sci Ctr, Dept Res Design & Biostat, Toronto,ON, Canada Univ Toronto Toronto ON Canada Res Design & Biostat, Toronto,ON, Canada Univ Toronto, St Michaels Hosp, Dept Anaesthesia, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8, Canada Univ Toronto Toronto ON Canada M5B 1W8 hesia, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8, Canada
Titolo Testata:
CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE
fascicolo: 1, volume: 28, anno: 2000,
pagine: 100 - 103
SICI:
0090-3493(200001)28:1<100:DITCIC>2.0.ZU;2-S
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NOT-RESUSCITATE ORDERS; CRITICALLY ILL; LIFE-SUPPORT; WITHDRAWAL; SYSTEM;
Keywords:
intensive care; passive euthanasia; resuscitation orders; decision-making; medical ethics; life-support care; intensive care units;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
15
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: McLean, RF Univ Toronto, Sunnybrook Hlth Sci Ctr, Dept Anaesthesia, 2075 Bayview Ave,Toronto, ON, Canada Univ Toronto 2075 Bayview Ave Toronto ON Canada to, ON, Canada
Citazione:
R.F. McLean et al., "Death in two Canadian intensive care units: Institutional difference and changes over time", CRIT CARE M, 28(1), 2000, pp. 100-103

Abstract

Objective: To study and compare the mode of death in two different institutions' intensive care units (ICUs) for the two time periods, 1988 and 1993. Design: Retrospective chart review. Setting: Medical/surgical/trauma ICUs in two tertiary care teaching hospitals. Patients: Patients dying in the medical/surgical/trauma ICUs between January 1, 1988 and December 31, 1988; and January 1, 1993 and December 31, 1993, Data collection included demographics, origin of admission, date of ICU admission, date of death, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) III diagnostic categories, APACHE II physiologic variables, organ system failures present at the time of admission and 24 hrs before death, and mode of dying. APACHE II scores and mortality risk were calculated. Data analysis included a multiple analysis of variance to assess overall effect, with subsequent analyses of variance to assess the effect of institution andyear on each individual dependent variable. All results are reported as mean +/- SEM values. Results: A total of 439 charts were reviewed. Gender, age, and origin of admission were not different between the 2 yrs or the two institutions. MeanAPACHE II scores and organ system failures were lower at Hospital A in 1998 vs. Hospital B, as was predicted mortality. These factors increased at Hospital A in 1993 and were similar to those at Hospital B. Withdrawal of support was much more common in 1993 than 1988 at both institutions (43% at Hospital A and 46% at Hospital B in 1988 vs. 66% at A and 80% at B in 1993), increasing to a greater extent in 1993 at Hospital B (p < .05), Length of stay in the ICU was significantly longer at Hospital A than at Hospital B in1988 (9.4 +/- 1.4 vs, 4.3 +/- 0.6 days; p < .05) and in 1993 (8.2 +/- 2.9 vs. 3.8 +/- 0.5 days; p < .05). Conclusions: There has been an increase in withdrawal of life support, in recent years, at both the institutions studied. Differences exist between institutions with respect to end-of-life decisions in the ICU, These differences are likely representative of widely prevalent regional differences andare the result of many factors.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 22/09/20 alle ore 17:15:51