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Titolo:
The efficacy of habituation in decreasing subjective distress among high anxiety-sensitive college students
Autore:
Carter, MM; Marin, NW; Murrell, KL;
Indirizzi:
American Univ, Dept Psychol, Washington, DC 20016 USA American Univ Washington DC USA 20016 t Psychol, Washington, DC 20016 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF ANXIETY DISORDERS
fascicolo: 6, volume: 13, anno: 1999,
pagine: 575 - 589
SICI:
0887-6185(199911/12)13:6<575:TEOHID>2.0.ZU;2-P
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PANIC DISORDER; CO2-INDUCED ANXIETY; TRAIT ANXIETY; HYPERVENTILATION; FEAR; CHALLENGE; EXPOSURE; CO2; AGORAPHOBICS; SENSATIONS;
Keywords:
hyperventilation; habituation; anxiety sensitivity;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
38
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Carter, MM American Univ, Dept Psychol, 321 Asbury Bldg, Washington, DC 20016 USA American Univ 321 Asbury Bldg Washington DC USA 20016 20016 USA
Citazione:
M.M. Carter et al., "The efficacy of habituation in decreasing subjective distress among high anxiety-sensitive college students", J ANXIETY D, 13(6), 1999, pp. 575-589

Abstract

While there is mounting evidence that the concept of anxiety sensitivity (AS) is linked to the expression of anxiety (specifically, panic), there hasbeen little research comparing the efficacy of interoceptive exposure alone with interoceptive exposure coupled with cognitive restructuring among high AS participants. The present investigation addressed this issue in a sample of high anxiety-sensitive college students (scores above 29 on the Anxiety Sensitivity Index). Participants were randomly assigned to receive either five consecutive trials of voluntary hyperventilation or five consecutive trials of hyperventilation with cognitive restructuring instructions,It was expected that while repeated hyperventilation would be associated with asignificant reduction in self-reported anxiety, catastrophic cognitions, and somatic sensations across trials, the greatest reduction in symptoms would occur with the addition of cognitive restructuring. These predictions were partially supported. As expected, high AS participants evidenced significant decreases in anxiety symptoms when habituation was accompanied by cognitive restructuring. Contrary to predictions, however, interoceptive exposure alone was not effective in reducing anxious symptoms. These results suggest that brief habituation alone may not be an effective strategy for high AS participants and are discussed as providing further support for a cognitive model of anxiety. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Documento generato il 14/08/20 alle ore 16:56:55