Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Mycobacterium tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus co-infection in intravenous drug users on admission to prison
Autore:
Martin, V; Cayla, JA; Bolea, A; Castilla, J;
Indirizzi:
Ctr Penitenciario Leon, Med Serv, Leon 24071, Spain Ctr Penitenciario Leon Leon Spain 24071 eon, Med Serv, Leon 24071, Spain Municipal Inst Hlth, Epidemiol Serv, Barcelona, Spain Municipal Inst HlthBarcelona Spain h, Epidemiol Serv, Barcelona, Spain Minist Hlth, Natl AIDS Program, Madrid, Spain Minist Hlth Madrid SpainMinist Hlth, Natl AIDS Program, Madrid, Spain Carlos III Inst Hlth, FP2Natl Ctr Epidemiol, Madrid, Spain Carlos III InstHlth Madrid Spain FP2Natl Ctr Epidemiol, Madrid, Spain
Titolo Testata:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASE
fascicolo: 1, volume: 4, anno: 2000,
pagine: 41 - 46
SICI:
1027-3719(200001)4:1<41:MTAHIV>2.0.ZU;2-S
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NEW-YORK-CITY; HIV-INFECTION; PREDICTIVE FACTORS; TRANSMISSION; ASSOCIATION; PULMONARY; HEALTH; SPAIN; AIDS; CARE;
Keywords:
tuberculosis; AIDS; prison; intravenous drug users; co-infection; epidemiology; HIV infection; prevalence;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
32
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Martin, V Ctr Penitenciario Leon, Med Serv, Leon 24071, Spain Ctr Penitenciario Leon Leon Spain 24071 erv, Leon 24071, Spain
Citazione:
V. Martin et al., "Mycobacterium tuberculosis and human immunodeficiency virus co-infection in intravenous drug users on admission to prison", INT J TUBE, 4(1), 2000, pp. 41-46

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Intravenous drug users (IDUs) and prisoners are groups of great interest in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and tuberculosis(TB) epidemiology. AIM: To determine predictors and temporal trends of the co-infection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and HIV in IDUs on admission to prison. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1 January 1991 and 31 December 1997, 796 IDUs or former IDUs were studied. Socio-demographic and penitentiary variableswere evaluated. HIV-positive patients with greater than or equal to 5 mm induration on tuberculin test were deemed co-infected. Analysis of factors associated with co-infection was based on a logistic regression model. RESULTS: Of the incoming prisoners, 44.0% were infected by M. tuberculosis, 43.8% by HIV and 20.1% were co-infected. Co-infection predictors were: 1)total prison time served previously (none, OR 1; <2 years, OR 2.44, 95%CI 1.28-4.64; greater than or equal to 2 years, OR 4.94, 95%CI 2.56-9.55); 2) age (16-25 years, OR 1; 25-29 years, OR 3.14, 95%CI 1.71-5.75; >29 years, OR 3.67, 95%CI 1.96-6.86); 3) tattoos (OR 1.56, 95%CI 0.98-2.49), 1) syringesharing (OR 2.43, 95%CI 1.57-3.77) and 5) ex-IDU status (OR 1.87, 95%CI 1.23-2.82). No statistically significant variation in the annual co-infectiontendency was observed (OR 1.10, 95%CI 0.98-1.22). CONCLUSIONS: The high prevalence of co-infection that was detected was associated with risk factors that could be amended by public health intervention.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 15/07/20 alle ore 15:00:19