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Titolo:
A meta-analytic review of the relation between antisocial behavior and neuropsychological measures of executive function
Autore:
Morgan, AB; Lilienfeld, SO;
Indirizzi:
Emory Univ, Dept Psychol, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA Emory Univ Atlanta GA USA30322 Univ, Dept Psychol, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA
Titolo Testata:
CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY REVIEW
fascicolo: 1, volume: 20, anno: 2000,
pagine: 113 - 136
SICI:
0272-7358(200001)20:1<113:AMROTR>2.0.ZU;2-S
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER; OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER; FRONTAL-LOBE FUNCTIONS; CONDUCT DISORDER; PSYCHOPATHIC PERSONALITY; JUVENILE DELINQUENTS; PREFRONTAL CORTEX; VIOLENT CRIME; STROOP TEST; ATTENTION;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
126
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Morgan, AB Emory Univ, Dept Psychol, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA Emory Univ Atlanta GA USA 30322 Psychol, Atlanta, GA 30322 USA
Citazione:
A.B. Morgan e S.O. Lilienfeld, "A meta-analytic review of the relation between antisocial behavior and neuropsychological measures of executive function", CLIN PSYCH, 20(1), 2000, pp. 113-136

Abstract

Previous narrative reviews of the relation between antisocial behavior (ASB) and neuropsychological tests of executive functioning (EF) have raised numerous methodological concerns and produced equivocal conclusions. By using meta-analytic procedures, this study attempts to remedy many of these concerns and quantifies the relation between ASB and performance on six reasonably well validated measures of EF. Thirty-nine studies yielding a total of4,589 participants were included in the analysis. Overall, antisocial groups performed. 62 standard deviations worse on EF tests than comparison groups,. this effect size is in the medium to large range. Significant variation within this effect size estimate was found, some of which was accounted for by differences in the operationalizations of ASB (e.g., psychopathy vs. criminality) and measures of EF. Evidence for the specificity of EF deficits relative to deficits on other neuropsychological tasks was inconsistent. Unresolved conceptual problems regarding the association between ASB and EFtests, including the problem of localizing EF tests to specific brain regions, are discussed. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 24/09/20 alle ore 23:52:06