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Titolo:
Error monitoring during reward and avoidance learning in high- and low-socialized individuals
Autore:
Dikman, ZV; Allen, JJB;
Indirizzi:
Univ Arizona, Dept Psychol, Tucson, AZ 85721 USA Univ Arizona Tucson AZ USA 85721 zona, Dept Psychol, Tucson, AZ 85721 USA
Titolo Testata:
PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY
fascicolo: 1, volume: 37, anno: 2000,
pagine: 43 - 54
SICI:
0048-5772(200001)37:1<43:EMDRAA>2.0.ZU;2-0
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
P3 EVOKED-POTENTIALS; PASSIVE-AVOIDANCE; ANTISOCIAL-BEHAVIOR; BRAIN POTENTIALS; NEURAL SYSTEM; RESPONSE PERSEVERATION; DIVIDED ATTENTION; COLLEGE-STUDENTS; PSYCHOPATHS; COMPENSATION;
Keywords:
event-related brain potential (ERP); error-related negativity; socialization; reward; punishment;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
45
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Allen, JJB Univ Arizona, Dept Psychol, POB 210068, Tucson, AZ 85721 USA Univ Arizona POB 210068 Tucson AZ USA 85721 ucson, AZ 85721 USA
Citazione:
Z.V. Dikman e J.J.B. Allen, "Error monitoring during reward and avoidance learning in high- and low-socialized individuals", PSYCHOPHYSL, 37(1), 2000, pp. 43-54

Abstract

The error-related negativity (ERN) is a response-locked brain potential generated when individuals make mistakes during simple decision-making tasks. In the present study, we examined ERN under conditions of reward and punish ment, among participants who scored extremely low or high on the socialization scale of the California Psychological inventory (CPI). Participants completed a forced-choice task, and were rewarded for correct responses in half the trials, and punished for incorrect responses in the remaining trials. A significant interaction between socialization (SO) and condition revealed that low-SO participants produced smaller ERNs during the punishment task than during the reward task, whereas high-SO participants produced similar ERNs in both conditions. Reaction time and electromyogram data essentially bolster the interpretation that the ERN effects reflect differences in error salience for high-SO and low-SO participants, and are consistent with the avoidance-learning deficits seen in psychopathy.

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Documento generato il 04/04/20 alle ore 15:27:34