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Titolo:
The respective racial and ethnic diversity of US pediatricians and American children
Autore:
Stoddard, JJ; Back, MR; Brotherton, SE;
Indirizzi:
Kids First Hockessin, Hockessin, DE 19707 USA Kids First Hockessin Hockessin DE USA 19707 ssin, Hockessin, DE 19707 USA Childrens Hosp Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA Childrens Hosp Philadelphia Philadelphia PA USA 19104 lphia, PA 19104 USA Amer Acad Pediat, Elk Grove Village, IL USA Amer Acad Pediat Elk Grove Village IL USA iat, Elk Grove Village, IL USA
Titolo Testata:
PEDIATRICS
fascicolo: 1, volume: 105, anno: 2000,
pagine: 27 - 31
SICI:
0031-4005(200001)105:1<27:TRRAED>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MEDICAL-CARE; UNITED-STATES; AFFIRMATIVE-ACTION; PHYSICIAN; BLACK; MINORITY; ACCESS; RACE;
Keywords:
affirmative action; diversity; manpower; workforce;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
26
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Stoddard, JJ Kids First Hockessin, Stone Mill Off Pk,722 Yorklyn Rd,Suite 100, Hockessin, DE 19707 USA Kids First Hockessin Stone Mill Off Pk,722 Yorklyn Rd,Suite 100 Hockessin DE USA 19707
Citazione:
J.J. Stoddard et al., "The respective racial and ethnic diversity of US pediatricians and American children", PEDIATRICS, 105(1), 2000, pp. 27-31

Abstract

Background. Much effort has been directed toward increasing the training of physicians from underrepresented minority groups, yet few direct comparisons have examined the diversity of the racial/ethnic backgrounds of the physicians relative to the patient populations they serve, either currently orinto the future. This has been particularly true in the case of pediatrics, in which little information has emerged regarding the racial/ethnic backgrounds of pediatricians, yet evidence points to ever-growing diversity in the US child population. Objective. We embarked on a comparative analysis to examine trends in the racial and ethnic composition of pediatricians vis-a-vis the patient population they serve, America's infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. Methods. Data on US pediatricians sorted by racial/ethnic group came from Association of American Medical Colleges distribution data and is based on the cohort of pediatricians graduating from US medical schools between 1983and 1989 extrapolated to the total number of pediatricians actively practicing in 1996. Data on the demographic diversity of the US child population came from the US Census Bureau. We derived pediatrician-to-child populationratios (PCPRs) specific to racial/ethnic groups to measure comparative diversity between and among groups. Results. Our results show that the black PCPR, currently less than one third of the white PCPR, will fall from 14.3 pediatricians per 100 000 children in 1996 to 12 by 2025. The Hispanic PCPR will fall from 16.9 in 1996 to 9.2 in 2025. The American Indian/Alaska Native PCPR will drop from 7.8 in 1996 to 6.5 by the year 2025. The PCPR specific to the Asian/Pacific Islandergroup will decline from 52.9 in 1996 to 26.1 in 2025. For whites, the PCPRwill increase from 47.8 to 54.2 during this period. For 1996, each of the 5 PCPRs is significantly different from the comparison ratio. The same is true for 2025. For the time trend comparison (between 1996 and 2025), there is a significant difference for each ratio except for American Indian/Alaska Native. Conclusion. The racial and ethnic makeup of the US child population is currently far more diverse than that of the pediatricians who provide their health care services. If child population demographic projections hold true, and no substantial shifts transpire in the composition of the pediatric workforce, the disparities will increase substantially by the year 2025.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 10/07/20 alle ore 03:14:57