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Titolo:
Childhood obesity and self-esteem
Autore:
Strauss, RS;
Indirizzi:
Univ Med & Dent New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Med Sch, Div Pediat Gastroenterol & Nutr, Childhood Weight Control Program, New Brunswick, NJ 08903 USA Univ Med & Dent New Jersey New Brunswick NJ USA 08903 swick, NJ 08903 USA
Titolo Testata:
PEDIATRICS
fascicolo: 1, volume: 105, anno: 2000,
pagine: N1 - N5
SICI:
0031-4005(200001)105:1<N1:COAS>2.0.ZU;2-N
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CHILDREN; OVERWEIGHT; PERCEPTIONS; ADOLESCENTS; SMOKING; ATTITUDES; BEHAVIORS; THINNESS; TOBACCO;
Keywords:
obesity; self-esteem; childhood;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
38
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Strauss, RS Univ Med & Dent New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Med Sch, Div Pediat Gastroenterol & Nutr, Childhood Weight Control Program, 1 Robert WoodJohnson Pl,CN-19, New Brunswick, NJ 08903 USA Univ Med & Dent New Jersey 1Robert Wood Johnson Pl,CN-19 New Brunswick NJ USA 08903
Citazione:
R.S. Strauss, "Childhood obesity and self-esteem", PEDIATRICS, 105(1), 2000, pp. N1-N5

Abstract

Background. Although childhood obesity may have detrimental consequences for childhood self-esteem, the prevalence and magnitude of this problem is controversial. In addition, the social and emotional effects of decreased self-esteem in obese children are unknown. Methods. A total of 1520 children, 9 to 10 years of age, born to mothers in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth were studied. Comprehensive demographic data including race and family income were available in 97% of thecohort. Self-esteem was measured using Self-Perception Profile for Children. The 4-year follow-up Self-Perception Profile for Children scores were available in 79% of the children. Obesity was defined as a body mass index greater than the 95th percentile for age and gender. Additional data include a self-administered questionnaire at 13 to 14 years of age concerning emotional well being, smoking, and alcohol consumption. Data were stratified by race and gender. The data were weighted to reflect a nationally representative sample of children born to mothers 17 to 28 years of age. Results. Scholastic and global self-esteem scores were not significantly different among 9- to 10-year-old obese and nonobese children. However, overthe 4-year period, obese Hispanic females and obese white females showed significantly decreased levels of global self-esteem compared with nonobese Hispanic females and nonobese white females, respectively. Mild decreases in self-esteem also were observed in obese boys compared with nonobese boys. As a result, by 13 to 14 years of age, significantly lower levels of self-esteem were observed in obese boys, obese Hispanic girls, and obese white girls compared with their nonobese counterparts. Decreasing levels of self-esteem in obese children were associated with significantly increased rates of sadness, loneliness, and nervousness compared with obese children whose self-esteem increased or remained unchanged. In addition, obese children with decreasing levels of self-esteem over the 4-year period were more likelyto smoke and drink alcohol compared with obese children whose self-esteem increased or remained unchanged. Conclusion. Obese Hispanic and white females demonstrate significantly lower levels of self-esteem by early adolescence. In addition, obese children with decreasing levels of self-esteem demonstrate significantly higher rates of sadness, loneliness, and nervousness and are more likely to engage in high-risk behaviors such as smoking or consuming alcohol.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 24/09/20 alle ore 02:11:02