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Titolo:
The effect of parental smoking on presence of wheeze or airway hyper-responsiveness in New South Wales school children
Autore:
Belousova, EG; Toelle, BG; Xuan, W; Peat, JK;
Indirizzi:
Univ Sydney, Dept Med DO6, Inst Resp Med, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia UnivSydney Sydney NSW Australia 2006 sp Med, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Titolo Testata:
AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE
fascicolo: 6, volume: 29, anno: 1999,
pagine: 794 - 800
SICI:
0004-8291(199912)29:6<794:TEOPSO>2.0.ZU;2-6
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
LOW-BIRTH-WEIGHT; PASSIVE SMOKING; BRONCHIAL RESPONSIVENESS; RESPIRATORY-DISEASE; CHILDHOOD ASTHMA; RISK-FACTORS; MATERNAL SMOKING; PREVALENCE; SYMPTOMS; HYPERRESPONSIVENESS;
Keywords:
maternal smoking; recent wheeze; airway hyper-responsiveness; risk factors;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
26
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Belousova, EG Univ Sydney, Dept Med DO6, Inst Resp Med, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia Univ Sydney Sydney NSW Australia 2006 , NSW 2006, Australia
Citazione:
E.G. Belousova et al., "The effect of parental smoking on presence of wheeze or airway hyper-responsiveness in New South Wales school children", AUST NZ J M, 29(6), 1999, pp. 794-800

Abstract

Background and Aims: To assess accurately the effect of parental smoking on the respiratory health of New South Wales (NSW) school children, we obtained a large data set by pooling data from seven cross-sectional studies conducted in NSW between 1991 and 1993. Methods: A random sample of 6394 children age eight to 11 years was studied. Respiratory symptoms, family history of asthma and parental smoking history were measured by questionnaire, atopy by skin prick test and airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR) by histamine inhalation test. Results: In total, 58.3% of children had at least one parent who smoked; 38.5% were exposed to maternal smoking. After adjusting for potential confounders, such as atopy, parental history of asthma and bronchitis in the first two years, children who were exposed to maternal smoking had a significantly increased risk of recent wheeze but not of AHR (odds ratios 1.33; 95% CI: 1.2-1.5 and 1.00; 95% CI: 0.9-1.2). Conclusions: The positive association with wheeze and the lack of an association with AHR suggests that exposure to parental smoking leads to wheezing, but does not increase airway responsiveness.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/05/20 alle ore 22:16:27