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Titolo:
Cardiopulmonary exercise testing and prognosis in severe heart failure: 14mL/kg/min revisited
Autore:
Myers, J; Gullestad, L; Vagelos, R; Do, D; Bellin, D; Ross, H; Fowler, MB;
Indirizzi:
Stanford Univ, Sch Med, Falk Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Palo Alto Vet Affairs Hlth Care Syst, Stanford, CA 96305 USA Stanford Univ Stanford CA USA 96305 lth Care Syst, Stanford, CA 96305 USA
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN HEART JOURNAL
fascicolo: 1, volume: 139, anno: 2000,
parte:, 1
pagine: 78 - 84
SICI:
0002-8703(200001)139:1<78:CETAPI>2.0.ZU;2-I
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
IDIOPATHIC DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY; CARDIAC TRANSPLANTATION; OXYGEN-CONSUMPTION; CANDIDATES; SURVIVAL; MORTALITY; CAPACITY; SELECTION; DETERMINANTS; DYSFUNCTION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
44
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Fowler, MB Stanford Univ, Sch Med, Falk Cardiovasc Res Ctr, Palo Alto Vet Affairs Hlth Care Syst, Stanford, CA 96305 USA Stanford Univ Stanford CA USA 96305 st, Stanford, CA 96305 USA
Citazione:
J. Myers et al., "Cardiopulmonary exercise testing and prognosis in severe heart failure: 14mL/kg/min revisited", AM HEART J, 139(1), 2000, pp. 78-84

Abstract

Background Accurately establishing prognosis in severe heart failure has become increasingly important in assessing the efficacy of treatment modalities and in appropriately allocating scarce resources for transplantation. Peak exercise oxygen uptake appears to have on important role in risk stratification of patients with heart failure, but the optimal cutpoint value to separate survivors from nonsurvivors is not clear. Methods Six hundred forty-four patients referred for heart failure evaluation over a 10-year period participated in the study. After pharmacologic stabilization at entrance into the study, all participants underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Survival analysis was performed with death as theend point. Transplantation was considered a censored event. Four-year survival was determined for patients who achieved peak oxygen uptake values greater than and less than 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, and 17 mL/kg/min. Results Follow-vp information was complete for 98.3% of the cohort. Duringa mean follow-up period of 4 years, 187 patients (29%) died and 101 underwent transplantation. Actuarial 1- and 5-year survival rates were 90.5% and 73.4%, respectively. Peak ventilatory oxygen uptake (VO2) was an independent predictor of survival and was a stronger predictor than work rate achieved and other exercise and clinical variables. A difference in survival of approximately 20% was achieved by dichotomizing patients above versus below each peak VO2 value ranging between 10 and 17 mL/kg/min, Survival rate was significantly higher among patients achieving a peak VO2 above than among those achieving a peak VO2 below each of these values (P < .01), but each cutpoint was similar in its ability to separate survivors from nonsurvivors. Conclusion Peak VO2 is an important measurement in predicting survival from heart failure, but whether on optimal cutpoint exists is not clear. Peak VO2 may be more appropriately used as a continuous variable in multivariatemodels to predict prognosis in severe chronic heart failure.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/11/20 alle ore 00:52:43