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Titolo:
MCS - chemophobia or chemical trauma?
Autore:
Maschewsky, W;
Indirizzi:
Fachhsch Hamburg, D-22303 Hamburg, Germany Fachhsch Hamburg Hamburg Germany D-22303 mburg, D-22303 Hamburg, Germany
Titolo Testata:
ALLERGOLOGIE
fascicolo: 12, volume: 22, anno: 1999,
pagine: 699 - 708
SICI:
0344-5062(199912)22:12<699:M-COCT>2.0.ZU;2-F
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
GER
Soggetto:
TIME-DEPENDENT SENSITIZATION; WHITE PAPER; SENSITIVITY; MODEL;
Keywords:
neurotoxicity; chemical; environmentally; multiple chemical sensitivity; MCS;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
25
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Maschewsky, W Fachhsch Hamburg, Saarlandstr 30, D-22303 Hamburg, Germany Fachhsch Hamburg Saarlandstr 30 Hamburg Germany D-22303 any
Citazione:
W. Maschewsky, "MCS - chemophobia or chemical trauma?", ALLERGOLOGI, 22(12), 1999, pp. 699-708

Abstract

This paper discusses multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS), an acquired disorder that is characterized by recurring symptoms in various organs, as a reaction to and varying with exposure to many chemically unrelated substances. in very low doses. Often the disorder starts with some high-dose exposure(e.g. a chemical spill). This disorder shows an increasing frequency in the USA and Canada, and has led to a heated controversy between immunology, toxicology, and psychiatry on one side, and occupational medicine, environmental medicine, and clinical ecology on the other side. Regarding the etiology of MCS, researchers mainly take one of 2 positions: MCS is a psychological, psychosomatic, or psychiatric disorder, e.g. a "chemophobia", hypochondriasis, mass-psychogenic illness, obsessive neurosis, somatoform reaction, post-traumatic stress disorder; MCS is an environmental illness, e.g. a neurotoxic or immunotoxic disease, a chemically acquired endocrine or metabolic disturbance, etc. The environmental causation of MCS is generally either taken for granted, or fervently disputed. Intermediary positions that differentiate various forms and etiologies of MCS are still rare. Here, MCS may be understood as a porphyrinopathy, or a neurogenic inflammation, or "neurogenic switching", or a disruption of hypothalamus activation by kindling/TDS, resulting in various behavioral, autonomic, and endocrine dysfunctions.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 27/01/21 alle ore 02:59:21