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Titolo:
Morbidity and health care utilisation among elderly people in Mmankgodi village, Botswana
Autore:
Clausen, F; Sandberg, E; Ingstad, B; Hjortdahl, P;
Indirizzi:
Univ Oslo, Dept Gen Practice & Community Med, Sect Gen Practice, Oslo, Norway Univ Oslo Oslo Norway & Community Med, Sect Gen Practice, Oslo, Norway Univ Oslo, Dept Gen Practice & Community Med, Sect Med Anthropol, Oslo, Norway Univ Oslo Oslo Norway & Community Med, Sect Med Anthropol, Oslo, Norway
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY AND COMMUNITY HEALTH
fascicolo: 1, volume: 54, anno: 2000,
pagine: 58 - 63
SICI:
0143-005X(200001)54:1<58:MAHCUA>2.0.ZU;2-O
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
15
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Clausen, F PB 313, N-2001 Lillestrom, Norway PB 313 Lillestrom Norway N-2001 13, N-2001 Lillestrom, Norway
Citazione:
F. Clausen et al., "Morbidity and health care utilisation among elderly people in Mmankgodi village, Botswana", J EPIDEM C, 54(1), 2000, pp. 58-63

Abstract

Objective-To evaluate the health status among the elderly in a village in Botswana and their pattern of health care utilisation. Design-A descriptive study where all persons 60 years and older were invited to participate, including a medical examination, laboratory testing and a questionnaire aiming at gathering sociodemographic data. Setting-Mmankgodi village of Botswana. Subjects-419 persons were identified as elderly in the village, out of which 337 were included. Main outcome measures-The general medical examination also included eye status, vision and hearing tests, nutritional status, blood pressure and registering of physical disabilities. Laboratory tests included haemoglobin, blood glucose, HIV antibodies and serum lipids. The questionnaire contained questions regarding family and civil status, self assessed general health, health problems experienced during the precious month, and health care utilisation. Questions also pertained to smoking, taking snuff, and alcohol consumption. Results-A majority (75%) of the elderly experienced good or only somewhat reduced health, while one quarter suffered more serious health problems. The most frequent health problems were related to the musculoskeletal system. Eye diseases, including cataract and blindness, were also common. The concentration of serum lipids is lower than the one found in the elderly population of Norway. Nutritional status indicated a relatively high prevalence (7%) of malnutrition. The majority of men were still married (87%), while most women were widowed (71%). Women reported more health problems than men, and they also reported more worries regarding their own life situation. There is a tendency for the elderly to seek assistance from the established clinics and other health facilities for their health problems. Worries are either kept to themselves or advice is sought from. relatives. Traditional healers were not often consulted for health problems or worries. Conclusions-Major health problems were identified among the elderly in this geographical area of Botswana. There is presently no health programme in Botswana aimed at the elderly; Some of the diseases and conditions found inthis study could easily be identified and treated in the present health system through a health care programme.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 02/07/20 alle ore 18:21:50