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Titolo:
Environmental factors and asthma and allergy in schoolchildren from Western Australia
Autore:
Palmer, LJ; Valinsky, IJ; Pikora, T; Zubrick, SR; Landau, LI;
Indirizzi:
Univ Western Australia, Dept Paediat, Perth, WA 6907, Australia Univ Western Australia Perth WA Australia 6907 Perth, WA 6907, Australia TVW Telethon Inst Child Hlth Res, Div Biostat & Genet Epidemiol, Perth, WA6872, Australia TVW Telethon Inst Child Hlth Res Perth WA Australia 6872 A6872, Australia TVW Telethon Inst Child Hlth Res, Div Psychosocial Res, Perth, WA 6872, Australia TVW Telethon Inst Child Hlth Res Perth WA Australia 6872 6872, Australia
Titolo Testata:
EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL
fascicolo: 6, volume: 14, anno: 1999,
pagine: 1351 - 1357
SICI:
0903-1936(199912)14:6<1351:EFAAAA>2.0.ZU;2-G
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
INDUCED BRONCHIAL HYPERRESPONSIVENESS; CHILDHOOD ASTHMA; HAY-FEVER; RESPIRATORY HEALTH; VIRAL-INFECTIONS; ATOPIC DISEASES; RISK-FACTORS; HOUSE DUST; SERUM IGE; CHILDREN;
Keywords:
asthma; childhood; eczema; epidemiology; International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood; rhinitis;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
50
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Palmer, LJ Univ Western Australia, Dept Paediat, Princess Margaret Hosp Children, GPOBox D184, Perth, WA 6001, Australia Univ Western Australia GPO Box D184 Perth WA Australia 6001 lia
Citazione:
L.J. Palmer et al., "Environmental factors and asthma and allergy in schoolchildren from Western Australia", EUR RESP J, 14(6), 1999, pp. 1351-1357

Abstract

The association of environmental factors with atopic disease in children remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between socio-environmental factors and symptoms of asthma and atopy in 6-7-yr-old children assessed as an adjunct to Phase I of the International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood in Perth, Western Australia. Parental questionnaire responses were obtained for 2,193 children (73.6%) in 34 randomly selected primary schools in the Perth metropolitan area. Children born in Australia had a significantly increased risk of current asthma (odds ratio (OR) 237, p=0.001). Having a mother born in Australia wasthe only factor independently associated with an increased risk of currenthay fever (OR 1.56, p=0.005). Increasing numbers of people living in the home were significantly associated with a multiplicative decrease in risk ofcurrent asthma (OR 0.88, p=0.03) and eczema (OR 0.82, p=0.01). Houses madeof fibrocement (OR 2.40, p=0.02) and the presence of mats on less than half of the floor area in the "main bedroom" (relative to wall-to-wall carpet)(OR 3.50, p=0.003) were associated with an increased risk of current eczema. All reported associations were independent of socioeconomic status (categorized by school), age and sex. This study suggests that household and country-specific environmental factors are associated with asthma, hay fever and eczema risk in 6-7-yr-old schoolchildren, and may have substantially contributed to the increased prevalence of these diseases in Australia.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 26/09/20 alle ore 01:38:57