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Titolo:
Gender differences in risk behaviors among adolescents who experience datefighting
Autore:
Kreiter, SR; Krowchuk, DP; Woods, CR; Sinal, SH; Lawless, MR; DuRant, RH;
Indirizzi:
Brenner Childrens Hosp, Dept Pediat, Winston Salem, NC USA Brenner Childrens Hosp Winston Salem NC USA ediat, Winston Salem, NC USA Wake Forest Univ, Sch Med, Brenner Ctr Child & Adolescent Hlth, Hlth Serv,Winston Salem, NC USA Wake Forest Univ Winston Salem NC USA h, Hlth Serv,Winston Salem, NC USA
Titolo Testata:
PEDIATRICS
fascicolo: 6, volume: 104, anno: 1999,
pagine: 1286 - 1292
SICI:
0031-4005(199912)104:6<1286:GDIRBA>2.0.ZU;2-0
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
VIOLENCE PREVENTION PROGRAM; URBAN BLACK-ADOLESCENTS; HIGH-SCHOOL-STUDENTS; DATING VIOLENCE; COURTSHIP VIOLENCE; COLLEGE-STUDENTS; HEALTH RISK; SAFE DATES; VICTIMIZATION; ASSOCIATION;
Keywords:
date fighting; adolescence; risk behaviors; gender;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
47
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kreiter, SR Wake Forest Univ, Sch Med, Dept Pediat, Med Ctr Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157 USA Wake Forest Univ Med Ctr Blvd Winston Salem NC USA 27157 7 USA
Citazione:
S.R. Kreiter et al., "Gender differences in risk behaviors among adolescents who experience datefighting", PEDIATRICS, 104(6), 1999, pp. 1286-1292

Abstract

Objective. Although dating violence frequently begins during adolescence, few studies have focused on date fighting in middle and high school students. Fewer studies have studied gender differences in date violence. This study examines whether gender-specific patterns of risk behaviors exist among adolescents who report date fighting. Design. The study was conducted on data collected from 21 297 students in grades 8 through 12 participating in the Vermont 1995 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Data were analyzed on 20 724 students (females = 50.1%) who reported: 1) never having been involved in a physical fight (n = 8737); 2) that their last physical fight was with a girlfriend, boyfriend, or other dating partner (n = 432); and 3) that their last fight was with someone other than adating partner (n = 11 555). Indicators of violence (weapon carrying, being threatened, and fighting), suicide attempts, substance use, sexual behavior, and pregnancy were analyzed with chi(2) tests. Significant variables were analyzed with stepwise logistic regression. Results. Of the males, 1.8% and of the females, 4.2% reported that their last fight was with a boyfriend, girlfriend, or dating partner. Risk behaviors significantly associated among females who only experienced date fighting included the number of male sexual partners in the past 3 months (adjusted odds ratio: 1.48; 95% confidence interval: 1.26-1.74), number of suicide attempts in the past 12 months (1.55; 1.30-1.85), riding in a car with a drinking driver (1.23; 1.10-1.37), injection of illegal drugs (2.87; 1.10-7.50), use of alcohol before last sexual encounter (1.53; 1.27-1.86), number of pregnancies (1.66; 1.26-2.21), forced sex (2.92; 2.18-3.91), and inhalantuse (1.19; 1.06-1.34). Risk behaviors significantly associated among maleswho experienced only date fighting were sexual activity (4.11; 2.24-7.53),number of male partners in the past 3 months (1.40; 1.12-1.75), number of times of getting someone pregnant (1.68; 1.17-2.40), experiencing forced sex (2.38; 1.11-5.13), and the number of times threatened with physical violence in past 12 months (1.82; 1.53-2.17). When compared with adolescents whoreported fighting with someone other than a date, risk factors significantly associated with date fighting among females were the number of male sexual partners in the past 3 months (1.21; 1.10-1.34), older age (1.21; 1.10-1.34), carrying a weapon in the past 30 days (.77; .66-.90), experiencing forced sex (1.70; 1.30-2.22), condom non-use (1.96; 1.60-2.41), and number oftimes of being threatened with physical violence in past 12 months (1.11; 1.01-1.22). The risk factors among males were the number of male sexual partners in the past 3 months (1.43; 1.28-1.60), experiencing forced sex (1.91; 1.02-3.60), and older age (1.34; 1.14-1.57). Conclusions. The patterns of risk behaviors differed among male and femaleadolescents reporting dating violence. Females who reported date fighting were more likely than were nonfighters to have attempted suicide, to engagein sexual and human immunodeficiency virus risk behaviors (use of injectable drugs), to have been pregnant, experienced forced sex, and to have ridden in a car with a drinking driver. Sexual behaviors, including same-gender sexual partners, forced sex, and having been threatened with physical violence, were associated with date fighting among males. These findings are important in screening adolescents at risk for date violence.

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Documento generato il 02/12/20 alle ore 05:20:27