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Titolo:
Effects of growth rate, CO2 concentration, and cell size on the stable carbon isotope fractionation in marine phytoplankton
Autore:
Burkhardt, S; Riebesell, U; Zondervan, I;
Indirizzi:
Alfred Wegener Inst Polar & Marine Res, D-27570 Bremerhaven, Germany Alfred Wegener Inst Polar & Marine Res Bremerhaven Germany D-27570 rmany
Titolo Testata:
GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA
fascicolo: 22, volume: 63, anno: 1999,
pagine: 3729 - 3741
SICI:
0016-7037(199911)63:22<3729:EOGRCC>2.0.ZU;2-I
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
INORGANIC-CARBON; RIBULOSE-BISPHOSPHATE; PHOTOSYNTHETIC FRACTIONATION; PHAEODACTYLUM-TRICORNUTUM; ORGANIC-MATTER; SURFACE-WATER; DIOXIDE; C-13; CARBOXYLATION; DELTA-C-13;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Citazioni:
46
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Burkhardt, S Alfred Wegener Inst Polar & Marine Res, Handelshafen 12, D-27570 Bremerhaven, Germany Alfred Wegener Inst Polar & Marine Res Handelshafen 12 Bremerhaven Germany D-27570
Citazione:
S. Burkhardt et al., "Effects of growth rate, CO2 concentration, and cell size on the stable carbon isotope fractionation in marine phytoplankton", GEOCH COS A, 63(22), 1999, pp. 3729-3741

Abstract

Stable carbon isotope fractionation (epsilon(p)) was measured in four marine diatom and one dinoflagellate species of different cell sizes. Monospecific cultures were incubated under high-light and nutrient-replete conditions at 16 h : 8 h and 24 h : 0 h light/dark cycles in dilute batch cultures at six CO2 concentrations, [CO2,aq], ranging from ca. 1 to 38 mu mol kg(-1). In all species, epsilon(p) increased with increasing [CO2,aq]. Among the diatoms, the degree of CO2-related variability in epsilon(p) was inversely correlated with cell size. Isotopic fractionation in the dinoflagellate differed in several aspects from that of the diatoms, which may reflect both morphological and physiological differences between taxa. Daylength-related changes in instantaneous growth rate, defined as the rate of C assimilation during the photoperiod, affected epsilon(p) to a similar or greater extent than differences in experimental [CO2,aq] in three of the species tested. In contrast, the irradiance cycle had no effect on epsilon(p) in 2 other species. With the exception of Phaeodactylum tricornutum, growth rate of all species declined below a critical [CO2,aq]. At these concentrations, we observed a reversal in the CO2-related epsilon(p) trend, which we attribute to a decline in carbon assimilation efficiency. Although uncatalyzed passive diffusion of CO2 into the cell was sufficient to account for gross carbon uptake in most treatments, our results indicate that other processes contribute to inorganic carbon acquisition in all species even at [CO2,aq] > 10 mu mol kg(-1). These processes may include active C transport and/or catalyzedconversion of HCO3- to CO2 by carbonic anhydrase. A comparison of ur results with data from the literature indicates significant deviations from previously reported correlations between epsilon(p) and mu/[CO2,aq], even when differences in cellular carbon content and cell geometry are accounted for. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 05/07/20 alle ore 23:03:30