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Titolo:
Behavioral disinhibition and the development of substance-case disorders: Findings from the Minnesota Twin Family Study
Autore:
Iacono, WG; Carlson, SR; Taylor, J; Elkins, IJ; McGue, M;
Indirizzi:
Univ Minnesota, Dept Psychol, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA Univ Minnesota Minneapolis MN USA 55455 sychol, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA
Titolo Testata:
DEVELOPMENT AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
fascicolo: 4, volume: 11, anno: 1999,
pagine: 869 - 900
SICI:
0954-5794(199923)11:4<869:BDATDO>2.0.ZU;2-P
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ATTENTION-DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY; EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS; ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY-DISORDER; OPPOSITIONAL-DEFIANT DISORDER; CROSS-FOSTERING ANALYSIS; HIGH-RISK; ELECTRODERMAL ACTIVITY; GENETIC INFLUENCES; BRAIN POTENTIALS; CONDUCT DISORDER;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
134
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Iacono, WG Univ Minnesota, Dept Psychol, 75 E River Rd, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA Univ Minnesota 75 E River Rd Minneapolis MN USA 55455 55455 USA
Citazione:
W.G. Iacono et al., "Behavioral disinhibition and the development of substance-case disorders: Findings from the Minnesota Twin Family Study", DEV PSYCHOP, 11(4), 1999, pp. 869-900

Abstract

One variant of substance-use disorder is characterized by behavioral disinhibition, In this report, we martial evidence for a model for the development of this variant. We hypothesize that genetic liability for this variant is reflected in a spectrum of risk indicators linked to the inability or unwillingness to inhibit behavioral impulses. Included in this spectrum are personality traits suggesting low constraint, and externalizing psychopathology, including conduct, oppositional defiant, and attention-deficit disorder in children and antisocial personality disorder and behavior in adults. We further hypothesize that these individual differences in behavioral disinhibition are manifestations of underlying central nervous system processes associated with various psychophysiological anomalies, some of which may index genetic risk for substance abuse. Support for the model is derived fromthe analysis of findings from the Minnesota Twin Family Study, an epidemiological investigation of approximately 2,700 adolescent twins and their parents.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 24/09/20 alle ore 05:18:05