Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Targeting of superoxide dismutase to the liver results in anti-inflammatory effects in rats with fibrotic livers
Autore:
Swart, PJ; Hirano, T; Kuipers, ME; Ito, Y; Smit, C; Hashida, M; Nishikawa, M; Beljaars, L; Meijer, DKF; Poelstra, K;
Indirizzi:
Univ Groningen, Ctr Pharm, Groningen Utrecht Inst Drug Explorat, Dept Pharmacokinet & Drug Delivery, Groningen, Netherlands Univ Groningen Groningen Netherlands g Delivery, Groningen, Netherlands Kyoto Univ, Fac Pharmaceut Sci, Kyoto, Japan Kyoto Univ Kyoto JapanKyoto Univ, Fac Pharmaceut Sci, Kyoto, Japan Natl Inst Biosci & Human Technol, Ibaraki, Osaka, Japan Natl Inst Biosci &Human Technol Ibaraki Osaka Japan araki, Osaka, Japan Prot Engn Lab, Ibaraki, Osaka, Japan Prot Engn Lab Ibaraki Osaka JapanProt Engn Lab, Ibaraki, Osaka, Japan
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF HEPATOLOGY
fascicolo: 6, volume: 31, anno: 1999,
pagine: 1034 - 1043
SICI:
0168-8278(199912)31:6<1034:TOSDTT>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
POLYETHYLENE-GLYCOL; LIPID-PEROXIDATION; CHEMICAL MODIFICATION; MALEIC-ANHYDRIDE; OXIDATIVE STRESS; DIVINYL ETHER; RECEPTOR; CELLS; FIBROGENESIS; ANTIOXIDANT;
Keywords:
bile duct ligated rats; DIVEMA-SOD; kinetics; Man-SOD; oxide radical scavenging; SOD; superoxide dismutase;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
45
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Swart, PJ Yamanouchi Europe BV, Bioanal & Drug Metab Sect, Elisabethhof 1,NL-2353 EW Leiderdord, Netherlands Yamanouchi Europe BV Elisabethhof 1 Leiderdord Netherlands NL-2353 EW
Citazione:
P.J. Swart et al., "Targeting of superoxide dismutase to the liver results in anti-inflammatory effects in rats with fibrotic livers", J HEPATOL, 31(6), 1999, pp. 1034-1043

Abstract

Background/Aims: The rapid clearance from plasma and the limited uptake ofsuperoxide dismutase (SOD) in the liver hampers the effectiveness of this enzyme in liver diseases. We therefore compared the pharmacokinetics and invivo efficacy of SOD with two modified forms of this protein: SOD coupled to the copolymer DIVEMA and mannosylated-SOD. Methods: Reactive oxygen scavenging activity of SOD conjugates was tested in livers of bile duct ligated rats. Intrahepatic production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and neutrophil infiltration were studied immunohistochemically and related to the organ and cellular distribution of radiolabeled SOD conjugates. Results: Native SOD was rapidly cleared from the circulation and accumulated in renal tubuli. The enzyme had no effect on the intrahepatic ROS production. Covalent attachment of SOD to DIVEMA yielded a polyanionic conjugate with a prolonged elimination half-life compared to native SOD, In contrast to native SOD, DIVEMA-SOD was taken up by the liver via scavenger receptors. Mannosylation of SOD (Man-SOD) resulted in a conjugate that was rapidly cleared from the blood. This Man-SOD was taken up by non-parenchymal liver cells. The pharmacokinetics of SOD and its derivatives were similar in normal and bile duct ligated rats. Efficacy studies with Man-SOD revealed only aslight decrease in intrahepatic ROS production. However, DIVEMA-SOD exhibited a potent inhibitory effect on ROS production in the liver. Nearly complete ROS-scavenging activity was observed in the portal areas. Conclusions: Considering the prolonged half-life, the increased delivery of SOD to the target cells, and the concomitant increased effectiveness, application of DIVEMA-SOD seems a promising new approach to attenuate intrahepatic inflammatory processes.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 30/09/20 alle ore 12:00:03