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Titolo:
Local extinctions of terrestrial insectivorous birds in a fragmented landscape near Manaus, Brazil
Autore:
Stratford, JA; Stouffer, PC;
Indirizzi:
SE Louisiana Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Hammond, LA 70402 USA SE Louisiana UnivHammond LA USA 70402 pt Biol Sci, Hammond, LA 70402 USA Inst Nacl Pesquisas Amazonia, Biol Dynam Forest Fragments Project, BR-69011 Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil Inst Nacl Pesquisas Amazonia Manaus Amazonas Brazil BR-69011 onas, Brazil
Titolo Testata:
CONSERVATION BIOLOGY
fascicolo: 6, volume: 13, anno: 1999,
pagine: 1416 - 1423
SICI:
0888-8892(199912)13:6<1416:LEOTIB>2.0.ZU;2-O
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BARRO-COLORADO ISLAND; FOREST FRAGMENTATION; INTERSPECIFIC AGGRESSION; AMAZONIAN BRAZIL; MIGRATORY BIRDS; NEST PREDATION; RAIN-FOREST; HABITAT; PATTERNS; PANAMA;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
57
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Stratford, JA Auburn Univ, Dept Zool & Wildlife, 331 Funchess Hall, Auburn, AL 36849 USA Auburn Univ 331 Funchess Hall Auburn AL USA 36849 36849 USA
Citazione:
J.A. Stratford e P.C. Stouffer, "Local extinctions of terrestrial insectivorous birds in a fragmented landscape near Manaus, Brazil", CONSER BIOL, 13(6), 1999, pp. 1416-1423

Abstract

We examined the distributions of nine species of terrestrial insectivorousbirds in 4- to 14-year old rainforest fragments north of Manaus, Brazil. We surveyed 11 fragments of 1. 10, ha, 95 ha of secondary vegetation, and nine continuous forest plots (controls) of 1-100 ha. We augmented standard spot-mapping with extensive playback surveys. The fragments had been sampled with mist nets before isolation, so our results could be compared with the pre-isolation distribution. For the nine species, there were 55 cases of local extinction in the 11 fragments between about 1 year after isolation andthe time of our surveys. This corresponds to 74% extinction of the local populations in fragments. These extinctions occurred despite the second-growth connection of some fragments to continuous forest as little as 70 m away. Three apparent colonization events by species non detected before isolation also occurred, but these may also reflect inadequate sampling before isolation. Our comparison of fragments and control plots, but fragments had fewer species than control plots of equal size. In a fragmented Amazonian landscape, the full suite of terrestrial insectivores would persist in the short term only in large fragments (>100ha), although much larger areas are probably necessary for the long-term persistence of their populations.

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Documento generato il 02/12/20 alle ore 15:09:04