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Titolo:
Temperament-/character-traits as well as -trait-patterns in alcohol dependent men and controls
Autore:
Weijers, HG; Wiesbeck, GA; Boning, J;
Indirizzi:
Univ Wurzburg, Klin & Poliklin Psychiat & Psychotherapie, D-97080 Wurzburg, Germany Univ Wurzburg Wurzburg Germany D-97080 erapie, D-97080 Wurzburg, Germany Univ Wurzburg, Klin Suchtmed, D-97080 Wurzburg, Germany Univ Wurzburg Wurzburg Germany D-97080 chtmed, D-97080 Wurzburg, Germany
Titolo Testata:
NERVENARZT
fascicolo: 11, volume: 70, anno: 1999,
pagine: 998 - 1008
SICI:
0028-2804(199911)70:11<998:TAWA-I>2.0.ZU;2-S
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
GER
Soggetto:
PERSONALITY; MODEL; QUESTIONNAIRE; RELIABILITY; CLONINGERS; VARIABLES; CHARACTER;
Keywords:
alcoholism; personality; types; Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI); configural frequency analysis (CFA);
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
35
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Weijers, HG Univ Wurzburg, Klin & Poliklin Psychiat & Psychotherapie, Fuchsleinstr 15,D-97080 Wurzburg, Germany Univ Wurzburg Fuchsleinstr 15 Wurzburg Germany D-97080 ermany
Citazione:
H.G. Weijers et al., "Temperament-/character-traits as well as -trait-patterns in alcohol dependent men and controls", NERVENARZT, 70(11), 1999, pp. 998-1008

Abstract

This study is on the personality of alcoholics, an empirical investigationbased on Cloninger's biopsychological temperament and character-traits. His Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was applied to 94 detoxified men suffering from primary alcohol dependence as well as to controls matched for sex and sociodemographic data. The following questions were the matter of interest: (1) Do alcoholics a nd controls differ in their personality asreflected by the TCI and (2) are there indicators based on personality with potential relevance for differential therapies? A multiple univariate statistical comparison yielded significant differences between alcoholics and controls on only 2 subscales (Sentimentality, Resourcefulness). A multivariate analysis of the TCI temperament traits using two-sample configural frequency analysis revealed no statistically significant difference between the two groups. Temperament patterns associated withCloninger's Type-I/Type-II alcoholics could not be demonstrated. Analyzingthe temperament and character traits of the alcohol dependent subjects with a log-linear model revealed two bivariate temperament-/character classifications on the scales "Harm Avoidance" and "Self-Directedness" as well as "Reward Dependence" and "Self Transcendence"- both making it possible to define subgroups which may be relevant for different therapeutical approaches. Taken together, the results of this study suggest that it may be useful tocloser investigate the personality of alcoholics even if it is not principally different from that of control subjects.

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Documento generato il 05/07/20 alle ore 00:32:48