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Titolo:
Risk factors associated with asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis among Swedish farmers
Autore:
Kronqvist, M; Johansson, E; Pershagen, G; Johansson, SGO; van Hage-Hamsten, M;
Indirizzi:
Danderyd Hosp, Dept Med, Stockholm, Sweden Danderyd Hosp Stockholm Sweden nderyd Hosp, Dept Med, Stockholm, Sweden Karolinska Hosp & Inst, Dept Lab Med, Div Clin Immunol, Stockholm, Sweden Karolinska Hosp & Inst Stockholm Sweden Clin Immunol, Stockholm, Sweden Karolinska Inst, Inst Environm Med, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden Karolinska Inst Stockholm Sweden S-10401 Med, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden
Titolo Testata:
ALLERGY
fascicolo: 11, volume: 54, anno: 1999,
pagine: 1142 - 1149
SICI:
0105-4538(199911)54:11<1142:RFAWAA>2.0.ZU;2-H
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
STORAGE MITE ALLERGY; HOUSE-DUST MITES; LUNG-FUNCTION; RESPIRATORY SYMPTOMS; OCCUPATIONAL ASTHMA; FARMING POPULATION; INHALANT ALLERGY; DANISH FARMERS; DAIRY FARMERS; PREVALENCE;
Keywords:
allergens; asthma; environmental exposure; farmers; FEV1; rhinoconjunctivitis; risk factors; sensitization;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
44
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kronqvist, M Karolinska Hosp, Dept Clin Immunol, S-17176 Stockholm, SwedenKarolinska Hosp Stockholm Sweden S-17176 Stockholm, Sweden
Citazione:
M. Kronqvist et al., "Risk factors associated with asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis among Swedish farmers", ALLERGY, 54(11), 1999, pp. 1142-1149

Abstract

Background: Earlier studies have shown a high prevalence of respiratory symptoms in farming communities and that storage mites constitute important allergens. We examined risk factors associated with asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis among Swedish farmers. Methods: A population of 1015 small-scale dairy farmers was part of an epidemiologic survey. After selection based on symptom reports in a questionnaire, 461 of the farmers attended a medical examination, which comprised SPT, RAST analyses, and lung-function measurements. Risk factors for sensitization to different allergens, and development of asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis were assessed by multiple logistic regression. Results: The prevalence of atopy was 26.7% among the farmers. For both asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis, sensitization to mites (OR=5.8 vs OR=3.8) and pollens (OR=10.3 vs OR=5.8) was a significant risk factor. There was a significant relationship between sensitization to mites and working time (OR=5.2). Environmental tobacco smoke and exposure to different animal species atthe farm did not appear to affect the risk of allergen sensitization or respiratory symptoms. Farmers smoked less than the general population, but they more frequently had reduced FEV1. Conclusions: Allergen sensitization, especially to mites and pollens, was significantly associated with asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis in a farming community. The results point to allergen avoidance as a major goal for the prevention of occupational respiratory diseases among the farming population.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 26/09/20 alle ore 05:29:15