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Titolo:
Latent Inhibition and Openness to Experience in a high-achieving student population
Autore:
Peterson, JB; Carson, S;
Indirizzi:
Univ Toronto, Dept Psychol, Toronto, ON M5S 3G3, Canada Univ Toronto Toronto ON Canada M5S 3G3 ychol, Toronto, ON M5S 3G3, Canada Harvard Univ, Dept Psychol, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA Harvard Univ Cambridge MA USA 02138 Dept Psychol, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
Titolo Testata:
PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
fascicolo: 2, volume: 28, anno: 2000,
pagine: 323 - 332
SICI:
0191-8869(200002)28:2<323:LIAOTE>2.0.ZU;2-N
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SCHIZOPHRENIA; PERSONALITY; AMPHETAMINE; BOUNDARIES; CLOZAPINE; RATS;
Keywords:
extraversion; latent inhibition; openness to experience; psychoticism;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
28
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Peterson, JB Univ Toronto, Dept Psychol, Toronto, ON M5S 3G3, Canada Univ Toronto Toronto ON Canada M5S 3G3 o, ON M5S 3G3, Canada
Citazione:
J.B. Peterson e S. Carson, "Latent Inhibition and Openness to Experience in a high-achieving student population", PERS INDIV, 28(2), 2000, pp. 323-332

Abstract

Latent Inhibition (LI) is an attentional phenomenon in which repeated pre-exposure to a stimulus that is not reinforced retards future associability to that stimulus. LI adaptively allows the individual to categorize stimulias relevant or irrelevant to goal attainment at a level below that of conscious awareness. Previous research has linked reduced LI with psychopathological conditions, such as acute schizophrenia and elevated scores on the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Psychoticism Scale. We tested the hypothesis that reduced LI would be related to Openness to Experience, a dimension of Costa and McCrae's Five Factor Model of Personality, due to the association of Openness with flexible cognitive categorization. Results supported this hypothesis: the correlation between LI and Openness among high-achievingindividuals was substantial and highly significant (r = -0.44, P = 0.0001)even when other relevant aspects of personality were held steady. Reduced LI may impart cognitive advantages in certain personality configurations. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Documento generato il 19/01/20 alle ore 00:39:06