Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
The absence of desmin leads to cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and cardiac dilation with compromised systolic function
Autore:
Milner, DJ; Taffet, GE; Wang, XJ; Pham, T; Tamura, T; Hartley, C; Gerdes, AM; Capetanaki, Y;
Indirizzi:
Baylor Coll Med, Dept Cell Biol, Houston, TX 77030 USA Baylor Coll Med Houston TX USA 77030 ept Cell Biol, Houston, TX 77030 USA Baylor Coll Med, Dept Med, Sect Cardiovasc Sci & Geriatr, Houston, TX 77030 USA Baylor Coll Med Houston TX USA 77030 Sci & Geriatr, Houston, TX 77030 USA Univ S Dakota, Sch Med, Dept Anat, Vermillion, SD 57069 USA Univ S DakotaVermillion SD USA 57069 Dept Anat, Vermillion, SD 57069 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR CARDIOLOGY
fascicolo: 11, volume: 31, anno: 1999,
pagine: 2063 - 2076
SICI:
0022-2828(199911)31:11<2063:TAODLT>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MICE LACKING DESMIN; HEART-FAILURE; DOPPLER ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY; INTERMEDIATE FILAMENTS; DIASTOLIC FUNCTION; SKELETAL MYOPATHY; EXPRESSION; MUSCLE; GENE; PROTEINS;
Keywords:
desmin; intermediate filaments; cardiomyopathy; hypertrophy; dilation; Doppler;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
55
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Capetanaki, Y Baylor Coll Med, Dept Cell Biol, 1 Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX77030 USA Baylor Coll Med 1 Baylor Plaza Houston TX USA 77030 7030 USA
Citazione:
D.J. Milner et al., "The absence of desmin leads to cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and cardiac dilation with compromised systolic function", J MOL CEL C, 31(11), 1999, pp. 2063-2076

Abstract

Desmin is the muscle-specific member of the intermediate filament family of cytoskeletal proteins, expressed both in striated and smooth muscle tissues. In mature striated muscle fibers, the desmin filament lattice surroundsthe Z-discs, interconnects them to each other and links the entire contractile apparatus to the sarcolemmal cytoskeleton, cytoplasmic organelles and the nucleus. There have been increasing reports of human cardiomyopathies associated with abnormal accumulation and aggregation of desmin filaments. Recently identified desmin mutations in humans suffering from skeletal muscle myopathy and cardiomyopathy suggest that these diseases might arise as a consequence of impaired function of desmin filaments. Previous generation of desmin null mice in our laboratory demonstrated that the absence of desmin results in myocyte ultrastructural defects and myocyte cell death leadingto fibrosis and calcification of the myocardium. However, the effects thatthese defects have on cardiac function were not addressed. To further our understanding of desmin function in vivo, and in order to address the direct involvement of desmin in cardiomyopathy, we investigated the effect of the absence of desmin on myocardial mass, myocyte size and shape, changes in gene expression and cardiac systolic and diastolic function in mice. Morphometric characterization of isolated cardiomyocytes demonstrated a 24% increase in cell volume in the desmin null mice, solely due to an increase in transverse section area, suggesting for the first time that mice lacking the intermediate filament protein desmin develop concentric cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. This type of hypertrophy was accompanied by induction of embryonic gene expression and later by ventricular dilatation, and compromised systolic function. These results demonstrate that desmin is essential for normal cardiac function, and they suggest that the absence of an intact desmin filament system, rather than accumulation of the protein, may be responsible for the pathology seen in some of the desmin associated cardiomyopathies. (C) 1999 Academic Press.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 22/09/20 alle ore 20:35:47