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Titolo:
Asymmetry of left versus right unilateral cleft impairments: an experimental study of face perception
Autore:
Feragen, KJB; Semb, G; Magnussen, S;
Indirizzi:
Univ Oslo, Dept Psychol, Vis Lab, N-0317 Oslo, Norway Univ Oslo Oslo Norway N-0317 Dept Psychol, Vis Lab, N-0317 Oslo, Norway Univ Manchester, Dent Hosp, Manchester, Lancs, England Univ Manchester Manchester Lancs England osp, Manchester, Lancs, England Oslo CLP Team, Oslo, Norway Oslo CLP Team Oslo NorwayOslo CLP Team, Oslo, Norway
Titolo Testata:
CLEFT PALATE-CRANIOFACIAL JOURNAL
fascicolo: 6, volume: 36, anno: 1999,
pagine: 527 - 532
SICI:
1055-6656(199911)36:6<527:AOLVRU>2.0.ZU;2-N
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PHYSICAL ATTRACTIVENESS STEREOTYPE; FACIAL ATTRACTIVENESS; 3-DIMENSIONAL EVALUATION; PSYCHOSOCIAL ADJUSTMENT; CRANIOFACIAL ANOMALIES; CHIMERIC STIMULI; SOCIAL SKILLS; SELF-CONCEPT; LIP; PALATE;
Keywords:
cleft lip alveolus; cleft lip and palate; face perception; facial asymmetry;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
54
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Magnussen, S Univ Oslo, Dept Psychol, Vis Lab, Box 1094 Blindern, N-0317 Oslo, Norway Univ Oslo Box 1094 Blindern Oslo Norway N-0317 Oslo, Norway
Citazione:
K.J.B. Feragen et al., "Asymmetry of left versus right unilateral cleft impairments: an experimental study of face perception", CLEF PAL-CR, 36(6), 1999, pp. 527-532

Abstract

Objective: Previous psychosocial studies of adults born with cleft lip andpalate have provided circumstantial evidence that surgically repaired right-sided unilateral clefts may be more disfiguring than left-sided clefts. The present study asked if such asymmetries are physiognomic asymmetries or arise "in the eye of the beholder," representing perceptual processes in face recognition. Design: Color slides of 160 children (6 years of age) and young teenagers (16 years of age) were rated by subjects for perceived disfigurement. Sixtyof the subjects had unilateral complete cleft lip and palate (30 had a right-sided cleft and 30 had a left-sided cleft), 60 had unilateral cleft lip/alveolus (30 right-sided and 30 left-sided clefts), 32 children had bilateral cleft lip and palate, and 8 children had cleft palate only. Faces were shown in normal and in mirror-reversed versions; the order in which faces were shown was randomized, as were other stimulus factors such as cleft type,age, and gender. Setting: The study was conducted as a classroom-type experiment at the Vision Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Oslo, Norway. Participants: Thirty-seven students of psychology at the University of Oslo, who were ignorant of the purpose of the study, acted as subjects. Main outcome measure: Subjects rated perceived disfigurement using a visual analog scale. Results: Modest but highly consistent hemifacial asymmetries in judged disfigurement were found, with left-sided unilateral clefts rated as less disfiguring than right-sided unilateral clefts. Unilateral clefts were judged as being less disfiguring than the bilateral clefts, and cleft lip/alveolus was judged as being less disfiguring than cleft lip and palate. The patterns of facial judgments were almost identical in the normal and reversed-slides conditions. Conclusions: Asymmetries between left- and right-sided clefts reside in physiognomic factors rather than in hemispheric asymmetries controlling the perceptual process of face judgment.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 26/11/20 alle ore 10:48:55