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Titolo:
Components of leaf dry mass per area - thickness and density - alter leaf photosynthetic capacity in reverse directions in woody plants
Autore:
Niinemets, U;
Indirizzi:
Tallinn Univ Educ Sci, Inst Ecol, Dept Ecophysiol, EE-51014 Tartu, EstoniaTallinn Univ Educ Sci Tartu Estonia EE-51014 ol, EE-51014 Tartu, Estonia
Titolo Testata:
NEW PHYTOLOGIST
fascicolo: 1, volume: 144, anno: 1999,
pagine: 35 - 47
SICI:
0028-646X(199910)144:1<35:COLDMP>2.0.ZU;2-R
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ALOCASIA-MACRORRHIZA; ANATOMICAL STRUCTURE; LIGHT ENVIRONMENTS; NITROGEN RELATIONS; SHADE TOLERANCE; CO2 DIFFUSION; FOLIAR CARBON; LIFE-SPAN; LEAVES; MORPHOLOGY;
Keywords:
interspecific comparisons; leaf mass per area; leaf density; leaf nitrogen; leaf thickness; photosynthesis; leaf anatomy; woody species;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
57
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Niinemets, U Tallinn Univ Educ Sci, Inst Ecol, Dept Ecophysiol, Riia 181, EE-51014 Tartu, Estonia Tallinn Univ Educ Sci Riia 181 Tartu Estonia EE-51014 stonia
Citazione:
U. Niinemets, "Components of leaf dry mass per area - thickness and density - alter leaf photosynthetic capacity in reverse directions in woody plants", NEW PHYTOL, 144(1), 1999, pp. 35-47

Abstract

The relationships of foliage assimilation capacity per unit area (P-max(P)) with leaf dry mass per unit area (LMA) and nitrogen content per unit area(N-P) differ between species and within species grown in different habitats. To gain a more mechanistic insight into the dependencies of P-max(p) on LMA and N-P, this literature study based on 597 species from a wide range of earth biomes with woody vegetation examines the relations between leaf photosynthetic capacity and the components of LMA (leaf density (D, dry mass per volume) and thickness (T)), and also the correlations of D and T with leaf nitrogen content and fractional leaf volumes in different tissues. Across all species, P-max(P) varied 12-fold and photosynthetic capacity per unit dry mass (P-max(m)) 16-fold, N-P 12-fold, and nitrogen per unit dry mass (N-m) 13-fold, LMA 16-fold, D 13-fold, and T 35-fold, indicating that foliar morphology was more plastic than foliar chemistry and assimilation rates. Although there were strong positive correlations between P-max(P) and N-P,and between P-max(m) and N-m, leaf structure was a more important determinant of leaf assimilation capacities. P-max(P) increased with increasing LMAand T, but was independent of D. By contrast, P-max(m) scaled negatively with LMA because of a negative correlation between P-max(m) and D, and was poorly related to T. Analysis of leaf nitrogen and tissue composition data indicated that the negative relationship between D and P-max(m) resulted from negative correlations between D and N-m, D and volumetric fraction of leaf internal air space, and D and symplasmic leaf fraction. Thus, increases in leaf density bring about (1) decreases in assimilative leaf compounds, and (2) extensive modifications in leaf anatomy that may result in increases in intercellular transfer resistance to CO,. Collectively, (1) and (2) leadto decreased P-max(m), and also modify P-max(p) versus LMA relationships.

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Documento generato il 12/07/20 alle ore 03:25:32