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Titolo:
The influence of abdominal obesity and chronic work stress on ambulatory blood pressure in men and women
Autore:
Steptoe, A; Cropley, M; Griffith, J; Joekes, K;
Indirizzi:
St George Hosp, Sch Med, Dept Psychol, London SW17 0RE, England St George Hosp London England SW17 0RE Psychol, London SW17 0RE, England
Titolo Testata:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBESITY
fascicolo: 11, volume: 23, anno: 1999,
pagine: 1184 - 1191
SICI:
0307-0565(199911)23:11<1184:TIOAOA>2.0.ZU;2-Y
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BODY-FAT DISTRIBUTION; MIDDLE-AGED MEN; JOB STRAIN; CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE; PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDER; PSYCHOSOCIAL FACTORS; ADIPOSE-TISSUE; WHITEHALL-II; SWEDISH MEN; HIP RATIO;
Keywords:
abdominal obesity; work stress; ambulatory blood pressure; control;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
60
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Steptoe, A St George Hosp, Sch Med, Dept Psychol, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, England St George Hosp Cranmer Terrace London England SW17 0RE England
Citazione:
A. Steptoe et al., "The influence of abdominal obesity and chronic work stress on ambulatory blood pressure in men and women", INT J OBES, 23(11), 1999, pp. 1184-1191

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of abdominal obesity and work stress (operationalised as low control over work) on ambulatory blood pressure on a working day and evening. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: 156 school teachers (58 men and 98 women) carried out ambulatory blood pressure and heart rate monitoring on a work day andevening. Cardiovascular activity was also measured under baseline conditions on another occasion, when body weight, height, waist and hip circumference were assessed. Perceived control over work was assessed by questionnaire, along with mental health, anger expression and social support. 126 participants repeated the protocol after 12 months, Waist/hip ratio was used as the index of abdominal obesity. RESULTS: Baseline blood pressure was positively associated with waist/hip Patio in men, but ambulatory blood pressure and heart: rate were not independently related to waist/hip ratio or job control. However, blood pressure and heart rate recorded during the working day and evening were elevated inmen with high waist/hip ratio who experienced low job control, independently of age and body weight. Effects for diastolic blood pressure and heart rate were replicated after 12 months. Body mass index was not related to blood pressure or heart rate during the day or evening after adjustment for age and waist circumference. Low job control was associated with poor psychological well-being, negative mood and lack of social support. CONCLUSIONS: The results are consistent with the hypothesis that abdominalobesity in men is characterised by a tendency towards heightened stress-induced physiological activation, but that this tendency will only be manifest in the presence of appropriate environmental challenges such as chronic work stress.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 16/07/20 alle ore 19:49:22