Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Structure and transcriptional regulation of the ovine placental lactogen gene
Autore:
Liang, RT; Limesand, SW; Anthony, RV;
Indirizzi:
Colorado State Univ, Dept Physiol, Anim Reprod & Biotechnol Lab, Ft Collins, CO 80523 USA Colorado State Univ Ft Collins CO USA 80523 Lab, Ft Collins, CO 80523 USA
Titolo Testata:
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY
fascicolo: 3, volume: 265, anno: 1999,
pagine: 883 - 895
SICI:
0014-2956(199911)265:3<883:SATROT>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HUMAN CHORIONIC SOMATOMAMMOTROPIN; GONADOTROPIN ALPHA-SUBUNIT; RNA-POLYMERASE-II; GROWTH-HORMONE; ENHANCER FUNCTION; LATE-GESTATION; FACTOR AP-2; DNA; BINDING; EXPRESSION;
Keywords:
cis-acting elements; ovine; placental lactogen gene; transcriptional regulation; trophoblast;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
57
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Anthony, RV Colorado State Univ, Dept Physiol, Anim Reprod & Biotechnol Lab, Ft Collins, CO 80523 USA Colorado State Univ Ft Collins CO USA 80523 ins, CO 80523 USA
Citazione:
R.T. Liang et al., "Structure and transcriptional regulation of the ovine placental lactogen gene", EUR J BIOCH, 265(3), 1999, pp. 883-895

Abstract

Ovine placental lactogen (oPL), a member of the growth hormone/prolactin gene family, is produced by chorionic binucleate cells at the maternal-fetalinterface, and is thought to modulate metabolic processes and enhance fetal growth. We have determined that the oPL gene contains five exons and fourintrons, and the transcriptional start site was mapped 91 bp 5' of the initiation codon (AUG). An additional 4.5 kb of 5'-flanking sequence was sequenced and used for transient transfection analysis in human (BeWo) and rat (Rcho-1) choriocarcinoma cell lines to examine trophoblast cell-specific activity. Trophoblast cell-specific transactivation of the reporter gene was conferred by the proximal 1.1 kb of oPL gene 5'-flanking sequence. Transfection of deletion constructs derived from the 1.1 kb of 5'-flanking sequence resulted in varying profiles of transactivation between the two choriocarcinoma cell lines, but maximal activation in both cell lines resided within the proximal 383 bp of oPL gene 5'-flanking sequence. DNase I protection analysis using ovine chorionic binucleate cell nuclear protein, identified 19 footprints within the 1.1-kb sequence, six of which are located within the 383-bp region. Electrophoretic mobility-shift assays and mutational analysis identified two functional GATA (-67, -102) sequences as transactivators of the oPL gene. However, a previously undefined element (GAGGAG) residing at -338 and -283 is required for full transactivation, and mutation of either significantly reduces reporter activity. In addition, an AP-2 site (-58) and an E-box (-163) were identified and may coordinate oPL transactivation. Transcriptional regulation of human and rodent PL genes has been previously characterized, and our results indicate that tissue-specific regulation of oPL expression may result from cis-acting elements in common with human and rat genes expressed within the placenta. However, our data indicate thatregulation of oPL also results from novel cis-acting elements.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 04/12/20 alle ore 19:24:52