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Titolo:
The Job Demand-Control(-Support) model and psychological well-being: a review of 20 years of empirical research
Autore:
Van der Doef, M; Maes, S;
Indirizzi:
Leiden Univ, Dept Hlth Psychol, NL-2300 RB Leiden, Netherlands Leiden Univ Leiden Netherlands NL-2300 RB NL-2300 RB Leiden, Netherlands
Titolo Testata:
WORK AND STRESS
fascicolo: 2, volume: 13, anno: 1999,
pagine: 87 - 114
SICI:
0267-8373(199904/06)13:2<87:TJDMAP>2.0.ZU;2-8
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PSYCHOSOCIAL WORK-ENVIRONMENT; DEMAND-DISCRETION MODEL; CONTROL-SUPPORT MODEL; STRESS-STRAIN RELATIONSHIP; SOCIAL SUPPORT; OCCUPATIONAL STRESS; MENTAL-HEALTH; CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE; DECISION LATITUDE; PERCEIVED CONTROL;
Keywords:
Job Demand-Control model; Job Demand-Control-Support model; job strain; psychological well-being;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
--discip_BC--
Citazioni:
98
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Van der Doef, M Leiden Univ, Dept Hlth Psychol, POB 9555, NL-2300 RB Leiden, Netherlands Leiden Univ POB 9555 Leiden Netherlands NL-2300 RB rlands
Citazione:
M. Van der Doef e S. Maes, "The Job Demand-Control(-Support) model and psychological well-being: a review of 20 years of empirical research", WORK STRESS, 13(2), 1999, pp. 87-114

Abstract

The Job Demand-Control (JDC) model (Karasek, 1979) and the Job Demand-Control-Support (JDCS) model (Johnson, and Hall, 1988) have dominated research on occupational stress in the last 20 years. This detailed narrative reviewfocuses on the JDC(S) model in relation to psychological well-being. It covers research from 63 samples, published in the period 1979-1997. In the review a distinction is drawn between two different hypotheses prevailing in research on the models. According to the strain hypothesis of the JDC model, employees working in a high-strain job (high demands-low control) experience the lowest well-being. The buffer hypothesis states that control can moderate the negative effects of high demands on well-being. Translating these hypotheses to the expanded JDCS model, the iso-strain hypothesis predictsthe most negative outcomes among workers in an iso-strain job (high demands-low control-low social support/isolation), whereas the buffer hypothesis states that social support can moderate the negative impact of high strain on wellbeing. Although the literature gives considerable support for the strain and iso-strain hypotheses, support for the moderating influence of jobcontrol and social support is less consistent. The conceptualization of demands and control is a key factor in discriminating supportive from nonsupportive studies. Only aspects of job control that correspond to the specificdemands of a given job moderate the impact of high demands on well-being. Furthermore, certain subpopulations appear to be more vulnerable to high (iso)strain, whereas others benefit more from high control. On the basis of the results of this review, suggestions for future research and theoretical development are formulated.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 23/11/20 alle ore 21:29:52