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Titolo:
Recovery and pharmacokinetic parameters of desflurane, sevoflurane, and isoflurane in patients undergoing urologic procedures
Autore:
Behne, M; Wilke, HJ; Lischke, V;
Indirizzi:
Univ Frankfurt Klinikum, Zentrum Anaesthesiol & Wiederbelebung, D-60590 Frankfurt, Germany Univ Frankfurt Klinikum Frankfurt Germany D-60590 590 Frankfurt, Germany
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ANESTHESIA
fascicolo: 6, volume: 11, anno: 1999,
pagine: 460 - 465
SICI:
0952-8180(199909)11:6<460:RAPPOD>2.0.ZU;2-5
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
KINETIC CHARACTERISTICS; INHALED ANESTHETICS; HUMANS; MAC; VOLUNTEERS; DURATION;
Keywords:
anesthetics, inhalational; desflurane; isoflurane; sevoflurane;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
18
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Behne, M Univ Frankfurt Klinikum, Zentrum Anaesthesiol & Wiederbelebung, Theodor Stern Kai 7, D-60590 Frankfurt, Germany Univ Frankfurt Klinikum Theodor Stern Kai 7 Frankfurt Germany D-60590
Citazione:
M. Behne et al., "Recovery and pharmacokinetic parameters of desflurane, sevoflurane, and isoflurane in patients undergoing urologic procedures", J CLIN ANES, 11(6), 1999, pp. 460-465

Abstract

Study Objective: To compare the pharmacokinetics and the speed of recoveryafter inhalation anesthesia with desflurane, sevoflurane, and isoflurane in elective surgery. Design: Prospective, randomized study. Setting: University medical center. Patients: 30 ASA physical status I and II adults presenting for elective surgery. Interventions: Anesthesia was induced with etomidate and maintained with desflurane (n = 10), sevoflurane (n = 10), or isoflurane (n = 10) and nitrous oxide. The inhalation drugs were titrated until an adequate clinical depth of anesthesia was reached. At the end of anesthesia, the patients breathed oxygen via the endotracheal tube and after extubation via a face mask. Measurements and Main Results: The groups were similar with respect to age, weight, duration of anesthesia, and mean arterial pressure. Mean end-tidal concentration (F-A = F-Ao) at the end of anesthesia was 6.34 +/- 1.15% after desflurane, 1.85 +/- 0.42% after sevoflurane, and 1.10 +/- 0.24% after isoflurane. F-A/F-Ao decreased significantly faster with desflurane than wit isoflurane, while there was little difference between desflurane and sevoflurane. As for the terminal half-life (t(1/2)), there were no differences among the groups (8.16 +/- 3.15 min after desflurane, 9.47 +/- 4.46 min after sevoflurane, and 10.0 +/- 5.57 min after isoflurane). The time until a command was followed for the first time was the same in all three groups (13.0 +/- 4.7 min after desflurane, 13.4 +/- 4.4 min after sevoflurane, and 13.6 +/- 3.4 min after isoflurane). There was no significant correlation between duration of anesthesia and the time until recovery. Conclusions: There are only minor differences with regard to the recovery phase in premedicated patients who receive clinically titrated inhalation anesthesia with desflurane, sevoflurane, or isoflurane. (C) 1999 by ElsevierScience Inc.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 24/09/20 alle ore 21:22:34