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Titolo:
Dissociative experiences, response bias, and fantasy proneness in college students
Autore:
Merckelbach, H; Muris, P; Horselenberg, R; Stougie, S;
Indirizzi:
Maastricht Univ, Dept Psychol, NL-6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands Maastricht Univ Maastricht Netherlands NL-6200 MD aastricht, Netherlands
Titolo Testata:
PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
fascicolo: 1, volume: 28, anno: 2000,
pagine: 49 - 58
SICI:
0191-8869(200001)28:1<49:DERBAF>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
COGNITIVE FAILURES; CHILDHOOD TRAUMA; SCALE; PSYCHOPATHOLOGY; RELIABILITY; VALIDITY; MEMORIES; ABUSE;
Keywords:
dissociative experiences; DES; fantasy proneness; memory;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
35
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Merckelbach, H Maastricht Univ, Dept Psychol, POB 616, NL-6200 MD Maastricht, Netherlands Maastricht Univ POB 616 Maastricht Netherlands NL-6200 MD
Citazione:
H. Merckelbach et al., "Dissociative experiences, response bias, and fantasy proneness in college students", PERS INDIV, 28(1), 2000, pp. 49-58

Abstract

In two studies, the connection between dissociative experiences as measured by the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES) and memory distortions was examined. In the first study, DES scores of female students (N = 42) were notfound to be related to reality monitoring failures. There was, however, a significant association between DES and false positive memory failures, suggesting a response bias in participants scoring high on the DES. In the second study, students (N = 70) completed the DES, a measure of fantasy proneness, and the Life Events Inventory (LEI). The LEI lists a large number of discrete events and requires respondents to indicate whether these events have happened to them before the age of 10. A positive connection between DESand LEI was found, such that higher DES scores were accompanied by more positive answers to the LEI. The connection between DES and positive responsetendencies to LEI items was evident for both neutral and negative items and was carried by fantasy proneness. Taken together, the data indicate that high DES scores are related to a positive response bias tendency. This may have substantial implications for retrospective studies that attempt to link high DES scores to traumatic antecedents. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Documento generato il 01/12/20 alle ore 08:04:15