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Titolo:
Consumption of tobacco in students of Mexico City.
Autore:
Berenzon, S; Villatoro, J; Medina-Mora, ME; Fleiz, C; Alcantar-Molinar, E; Navarro, C;
Indirizzi:
Inst Mexicano Psiquiatria, Div Invest Epidemiol & Sociales, Mexico City 14370, DF, Mexico Inst Mexicano Psiquiatria Mexico City DF Mexico 14370 y 14370, DF, Mexico
Titolo Testata:
SALUD MENTAL
fascicolo: 4, volume: 22, anno: 1999,
pagine: 20 - 25
SICI:
0185-3325(199908)22:4<20:COTISO>2.0.ZU;2-P
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
FRE
Soggetto:
POPULATION; JUNIOR;
Keywords:
adolescence; students; tobacco use; related; factors; Mexico City;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
13
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Berenzon, S Inst Mexicano Psiquiatria, Div Invest Epidemiol & Sociales, Calz Mexico Xochimilco 101,San Lorenzo Huipulco, Mexico City 14370, DF, Mexico Inst Mexicano Psiquiatria Calz Mexico Xochimilco 101,San Lorenzo HuipulcoMexico City DF Mexico 14370
Citazione:
S. Berenzon et al., "Consumption of tobacco in students of Mexico City.", SALUD MENT, 22(4), 1999, pp. 20-25

Abstract

This article presents the results of a survey conducted tate in 1997 in junior high and senior high schools in Mexico City regarding tobacco use and its related variables. The analyzed data refers to the prevalence of tobacco use, risk perception, social tolerance towards smoking, tobacco use amongfamily members and the way students obtain cigarettes. 55.4 % of the students had smoked at least once in their lives, 36.3 % smoked during the previous year and 21.9 % did so one month before the survey. it was observed that tobacco use increased among males and females between 1991 and 1997, however, the increase is more obvious among women: in 1991, 39.8 % females had smoked once in their lives, whereas 52.3 % reported the same in 1997. This represents an increase of 12.5 %. It is important to point out that age hasa clear effect on tobacco use: 60 % of the young smokers started before they were 15 years of age; both males and females started smoking 13 and 14 years (31.9 % and 35.7 %, respectively). It was found that when relatives smoke, the risk of tobacco use among students increases: 28.6 % of them informed that at least one close relative smoked inside the house, 15.2 % mentioned two relatives, 5.8 % three and 7.6 % four or more. Therefore, over 55 %of the students have contact with relatives who smoke. On the other hand, risk perception regarding tobacco use was high, but 8 % males and 5 % females affirmed that smoking more than 5 cigarettes per day is not dangerous. instead, social tolerance was low, mainly among family heads and teachers. Results showed that 61.9 % of the students who smoke obtain the cigarettes in a store; 35.6 % outside the school and 20.4 % inside the school. 21.1 % had taken cigarettes secretly from a relative and 10.5 % had taken them withtheir parent's permission. The results describes above suggest that the policies that forbid tobacco sale to underage students are not efficient, tobacco is highly available at school and within the family, that this fact shows that there is not prevention culture in ether one of the scenarios, andthat tobacco use is accepted in the family, which is the environment wherethe adolescents obtain the cigarettes.

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Documento generato il 05/04/20 alle ore 06:51:42