Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Dysfunctional attitudes and poor problem solving skills predict hopelessness in major depression
Autore:
Cannon, B; Mulroy, R; Otto, MW; Rosenbaum, JF; Fava, M; Nierenberg, AA;
Indirizzi:
Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Boston, MA 02114 USA Massachusetts Gen Hosp Boston MA USA 02114 Gen Hosp, Boston, MA 02114 USA Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA Harvard Univ Cambridge MA USA 02138 niv, Sch Med, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS
fascicolo: 1, volume: 55, anno: 1999,
pagine: 45 - 49
SICI:
0165-0327(199909)55:1<45:DAAPPS>2.0.ZU;2-6
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SUICIDAL IDEATION; STATE; MODEL; MOOD;
Keywords:
hopelessness; depression; dysfunctional attitudes; problem solving; suicidal risk;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
22
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Nierenberg, AA Massachusetts Gen Hosp, WACC-815,15 Parkman St, Boston, MA 02114 USA Massachusetts Gen Hosp WACC-815,15 Parkman St Boston MA USA 02114
Citazione:
B. Cannon et al., "Dysfunctional attitudes and poor problem solving skills predict hopelessness in major depression", J AFFECT D, 55(1), 1999, pp. 45-49

Abstract

Background: Hopelessness is a significant predictor of suicidality, but not all depressed patients feel hopeless. If clinicians can predict hopelessness, they may be able to identify those patients at risk of suicide and focus interventions on factors associated with hopelessness. In this study, weexamined potential predictors of hopelessness in a sample of depressed outpatients. Methods: In this study, we examined potential demographic, diagnostic, and symptom predictors of hopelessness in a sample of 138 medication-free outpatients (73 women and 65 men) with a primary diagnosis of major depression. The significance of predictors was evaluated in both simple and multiple regression analyses. Results: Consistent with previous studies, we found no significant associations between demographic and diagnostic variables and greater hopelessness. Hopelessness was significantly associated with greater depression severity, poor problem solving abilities as assessed by the Problem Solving Inventory, and each of two measures of dysfunctional cognitions (the Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale and the Cognitions Questionnaire). In a stepwise multiple regression equation, however, only dysfunctional cognitions and poor problem solving offered non-redundant prediction of hopelessness scores, and accounted for 20% of the variance in these scores. Limitations: This study is based on depressed patients entering into an outpatient treatment protocol. All analyses were correlational in nature, andno causal links can be concluded. Conclusions: Our findings, identifying clinical correlates of hopelessness, provide clinicians with potential additional targets for assessment and treatment of suicidal risk. In particular,clinical attention to dysfunctional attitudes and problem solving skills may be important for further reduction of hopelessness and perhaps suicidal risk. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 22/09/20 alle ore 14:28:22